Key Industries of Rajasthan
Rajasthan is home to several key industries which are engaged in production of goods like cotton cloth, cotton yarn, cement, sugar, urea, zinc-ingots, ball-bearings, edible oils, salt, copper cathodes etc. All of these Industries, do not belong only to large scale Units but may also belong to Small or medium scale units but they play a key role in economy of Rajasthan in terms of Revenue, employment etc.
- Rajasthan has 24 major cement plants, having a total capacity of 55 million tonnes per annum (MTPA). It is the largest cement-producing state in India.
- The state has about 17% share in cement grade limestone reserves of India. Gypsum is also available in the state but coal is imported from outside the state.
Mining & Minerals
- Around 79 varieties of minerals are available in the state and 57 minerals are produced on a commercial scale.
- Some of the important minerals found in the state are asbestos (amphibole), barytes, feldspar, fireclay, fluorspar, iron ore (magnetite and hematite), ochre, pyrite, silver, phosphate fluoride, wollastonite, rock phosphate, copper, lead-zinc, gypsum, clay, granite, marble, sandstone, dolomite, calcite, emeralds and garnets.
- Rajasthan has second highest number of mines in the country (557 mines).
- In 2016-17, the total value of mineral production in the state of Rajasthan was recorded at US$ 3.91 billion. This was 11.04% of the total production value for the country.
Auto and Auto Components
- Alwar and Jaipur districts are close to major auto production hubs of the country such as Noida (Uttar Pradesh), Gurgaon and Dharuhera (Haryana); offering excellent advantages for setting up of auto and auto ancillary units.
- Over 100 units are currently functional in Bhiwadi, Neemrana and Pathredi in Alwar district, Rajasthan. These are the 3 main auto clusters in Rajasthan.
- Neemrana–Japanese zone: A 1,167-acre industrial area in Neemrana has been developed especially for industrial units from Japan. Automotive units of Nissin Brakes, TPR Auto parts, Takata India, Nippon Steel, Toyota Gosei, Mikuni India and Toyota Kirloskar Motor are present in this zone.
- Rajasthan has a leading position in the production of polyester viscose yarn and synthetic suiting material as well as processing of low-cost, low-weight fabric (at Pali, Balotra, Sanganer and Bagru).
- The state is the largest producer of PV suitings in the country.
- Bhilwara has emerged as India’s largest manufacturer of suiting fabrics and yarn.
- Jaipur is a well-known centre for manufacturing garments, primarily for exports.
IT and ITeS
- Rajasthan is emerging as one of the best locations in India to invest in the IT/ITeS sector.
- IT parks with special infrastructure have been set up at Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Kota and Alwar.
- Rajasthan is the largest producer of rapeseed, bajra, guar seed, spices such as fenugreek, coriander, cumin, fennel and mustard.
- It is the second largest producer of oilseeds and spices and the third largest producer of soya bean and coarse cereals in India.
- The key chemicals produced in Rajasthan include fertilisers, caustic soda and pesticides.
- The principal industrial complexes for chemicals are at Jaipur, Kota, Udaipur and Bhilwara.
Gems and jewellery
- Rajasthan is a store house of many precious and semi-precious stones such as emeralds, aquamarines, heliodors, corundums, diamonds, epidotes, topazes, tourmalines, amethysts, crystal quartzes, garnets, and green and blue quartzites.
- Rajasthan is the largest production centre of coloured precious and semi-precious stones as well as the largest manufacturer of cut and polished diamonds in the country.
- The state has a wide pool of skilled manpower along with several training institutions.
- Rajasthan’s steel industry comprises re-rolling and stainless steel units located mainly in Jodhpur, Alwar and Jaipur.
- Most of the re-rolling units belong to the small scale sector.
- Rajasthan has abundant slip clay, pottery clay, retort clay, terracotta clay, pipe clay, bleaching clay, bonding clay etc., which are used for manufacturing bricks, tiles, statues, insulators, porcelain (via a mixture clay with felspar and quartz) etc.
- Glass and ceramic units are among the thrust sectors identified in the 1988 Industrial Policy.
- Units are concentrated in Jaipur, Bikaner, Bhilwara, Abu Road and and Bhiwandi.
- Rajasthan is a major producer of felspar, quartz and bentonite, which are the raw materials for Ceramic Industry.
- Nearly 500 ceramic units covering value chain are present in the state.
- Exclusive Ceramic and Glass Zone are being planned at Ghiloth and Sathana.
- Rajasthan is the third largest producer of salt (sodium chloride) in the country and accounts for the country’s one-tenth of salt production.
- Highest solar energy potential in India – 142 GW
- Rajasthan shines on the solar map of India with 300-330 clear sunny days, comparable to deserts of California and Nevada.
- Within the state, the districts such as Barmer, Bikaner, Jaisalmer and Jodhpur are the key regions with the best solar radiation.
- Rajasthan is endowed with two critical resources that are essential to solar power production: high level of solar radiation (6-7 kWh/ m2/ day) and large tracts of relatively flat, undeveloped land.
- Rajasthan has wind energy potential of 18.7 GW
- Rajasthan as a state accounts for 90% of India’s marble, slate and sandstone production and has a monopoly in other ceramic minerals.