The present city of Udaipur was founded in 1559 by Maharana Udai Singh II as a new capital of the Mewar kingdom. Rana’s before Rana Udai Singh II appear in genealogy of Chittorgarh, as Chittorgarh was the previous seat of Government. Both Chittorgarh & Udaipur form part of State of Mewar. The subsequent rulers of Mewar, when seat of government was Udaipur are mentioned as rulers of Udaipur in chronology as under:
Udai Singh II (1540–1572)
- 1540, he was crowned in Kumbhalgarh by the nobles of Mewar.
- Maharana Pratap born in same year (9th May-1540)
- In 1562, he gave refuge to Baz Bahadur of Malwa. Using this as a pretext, Akbar attacked Mewar in October 1563.
- 1567, Siege of Chittorgarh
- Udai Singh retired to Gogunda.
- Rao Jaimal & Patta – fought with Valor – even Akbar impressed – statute erected at Fatehpur Sikri
- Jauhar- 3rd Jauhar of chitter (1568)
- Founded city of Udaipur.
Maharana Pratap (9th May 1540 – 29 Jan 1597)
- Pratap Jayanti, is celebrated annually on the 3rd day of the Jyestha Shukla.
- 1576-Akbar deputed Man Singh I against Maharana Pratap – 18 June 1576- Battle of Haldighati – Pratap defeated.
- Slowly, Pratap recovered many of the territories , made Chavand
- Tod, the famous British antiquarian, gave Pratap the title of ‘Leonidas of Rajasthan’.
- 1582 – Battle of Dewair
Amar Singh I (1597-1620)
- Born 1559, same year as Udaipur foundation laid by Udai Singh.
- Amar Singh fought with Jehangir
- 2nd Battle of Dewair – showed great bravery – killed commander sultan.
- Finally, made peace with Jehangir – treaty negotiated by Shah Jehan – Amar Singh was relieved of making in person presence to Mughal court.
Karan Singh II (1620–1628)
Jagat Singh I (1628–1652)
- Made jag Mandir in Lake Pichola
Raj Singh I (1652–1680)
- Made Rajsamand
- In 1680 fought battle of Udaipur & Aravalli Hills
Jai Singh (1680–1698)
- Assisted father Raj Singh in battle of Udaipur
- Treaty with Aurangzeb
- Made Lake Jaisamand
Amar Singh II (1698–1710)
- Participated in Rajpur Rebellion of 1708
- Sangram Singh II (1710–1734)
- Jagat Singh II (1734–1751)
- Pratap Singh II (1751–1754)
- Raj Singh II (1754–1762)
- Ari Singh II (1762–1772)
- Hamir Singh II (1772–1778)
- Bhim Singh (1778–1828)
- Jawan Singh (1828–1838)
Shambhu Singh (1861–1874)
- Adopted son of Maharana Swarup Singh
- He was the first to set up a school for girls and thus promoted opportunities of education for everyone.
- He enforced special measures to curb the Sati pratha
Sajjan Singh (1874–1884)
- Cousin – was adopted by Maharana Shambhu Singh.
Fateh Singh (1884–1930)
- Adopted by Sajjan Singh
- Built Cannuaght dam on Lake Dewali – now named FatehSagar
- Built Fateh Prakash Palace in Chittorgarh fort
- Only Maharaja to not attend the Delhi Durbar, both of 1903 and 1911.
Bhupal Singh (1930–1947)
- On 28 July 1921, following some social unrest in Mewar, Fateh Singh was formally deposed – Bhupal Singh made ruler.
- On 18 April 1948 he became Rajpramukh of Rajasthan and from 1 April 1949 his title was raised to Maha Rajpramukh.