The number of candidates to be admitted to the Main Examination will be 15 times the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year through the examination.
The written examination will consist of the following four papers which will be descriptive /analytical.
A candidate must take all the papers listed below which will also consist of question paper of brief, medium, long answer and descriptive type questions.
The standard of General Hindi and General English will be that of Sr. Secondary Level.
The time allowed for each paper shall be 3 hours.
RAS Mains 2021: Syllabus
General Knowledge & General Studies Paper – I
Unit I – History
Part A – History, Art, Culture, Literature, Tradition and Heritage of Rajasthan
Major landmarks in the History of Rajasthan from Pre-historic time to close of 18th century, Important dynasties, their administrative and revenue system.
Salient events of 19th & 20th centuries: Peasant & Tribal Movements. Political Awakening, Freedom Movement and Integration.
Heritage of Rajasthan: Performing & fine Art, Handicraft, Architecture and major sites of World Heritage and Tourism in Rajasthan, Fairs, Festivals, Folk Music and Folk Dance.
Important works of Rajasthani Literature and Dialects of Rajasthan.
Saints, Lok Devtas and eminent personalities of Rajasthan.
Part B – Indian History & Culture
Indian heritage: Fine Art, Performing Art, Architecture & Literature from Indus Civilization to British Era.
Religious Movements and religious philosophy in Ancient and Medieval India.
History of Modern India from beginning of 19th Century to 1965 A.D: Significant events, personalities and issues.
Indian National Movement- its various stages & streams, important contributors and contribution from different parts of the country.
Socio-religious reform movements in 19th and 20th century.
Post Independence consolidation and reorganisation – Accession of princely states & Linguistic reorganisation of the states.
Part C – History of Modern World (Upto 1950 A.D.)
Renaissance and Reformation.
American War of Independence, French Revolution (1789 A.D.) and Industrial Revolution.
Imperialism and colonialism in Asia and Africa.
Impact of World Wars.
Unit II – Economics
Part A – Indian Economy
Agriculture – growth and productivity trends in Indian agriculture. Food processing sector and food management. Agricultural reforms and challenges.
Trends in Industrial Sector- Industrial Policy and Industrial Finance. Liberalization, Globalization, Privatization and economic reforms. Infrastructure and economic growth.
Inflation, Prices and demand/supply management.
Centre-State financial relations and Latest Finance Commission. Fiscal Responsibility & Budget Management Act and fiscal reforms in India.
Budgetary trends and fiscal policy. Tax reforms in India. Subsidies- cash transfer and other related issues. Trends in revenue and expenditure.
Role of Government in economic activities. Private, Public and Merit Goods.
Social Sector- poverty, unemployment and inequality. Healthcare and Education Policy. Problem of regulatory effectiveness. Redefining the role of state in economic development and an employment oriented growth strategy.
Part B – World Economy
Global Economic issues and trends: Role of World Bank, IMF & WTO.
Sustainable Development and Climate Change.
Part C – Rajasthan Economy
Agriculture Scenario- production and productivity. Water resources and Irrigation. Agricultural marketing. Dairy and animal husbandry.
Rural development and rural infrastructure. Panchayati Raj and State Finance Commission.
Institutional framework for industrial development. Industrial growth and recent trends. Khadi and village industries.
Infrastructure development- power and transportation. Private Investment in Infrastructure and Public Private Partnership projects- outlook and prospects.
Major development projects of Rajasthan. State budget and Fiscal managementissues and challenges.
Economic welfare schemes of Rajasthan. Social Justice and Empowerment.
Basic Social Services- education and health. Poverty, unemployment and Sustainable Development goals.
Unit III – Sociology, Management, Accounting & Auditing
Part A – Sociology
Development of Sociological Thought in India
Caste and Class in Indian Society: Nature, Origin, Functions and Challenges.
Processes of Change:
Challenges before Indian Society:
Issues of Dowry,
Vulnerable sections especially Dalit, Elderly and Disabled.
Tribal community of Rajasthan: Bhil, Mina (Meena) and Garasia- Problems and Welfare.
Part B – Management
Modern concept of Marketing, Marketing Mix – Product, Price, Place and Promotion; Supply Chain Management, Logistics Mix; E-Commerce and EMarketing; Business and Corporate Ethics.
Wealth Maximization, Sources of Finance- Short and Long Term, Capital Structure, Cost of Capital, Distribution of Profit; Banking and Non- Banking Financial Institutions (NBFIs), Stock Market, Multi-National Companies (MNCs), Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Foreign Institutional Investment (FII).
Leadership Theories and Styles, Group Behaviour, Individual Behaviour, Attitude, Values, Team Building; Motivation Theories, Conflict Management, Time Management, Stress Management, Training, Development and Appraisal Systems.
Management of Essential Services: Education Management, Healthcare and Wellness Management; Tourism and Hospitality Management
Part C – Accounting & Auditing
Basic knowledge of Double Entry System of Accounting, Techniques of analysis of Financial Statements, Responsibility and Social Accounting.
Meaning & Objectives of Auditing, Social, Performance and Efficiency Audit, Elementary knowledge of Government Audit.
Basic knowledge of Performance Budgeting, Zero-Base Budgeting.
General Knowledge & General Studies Paper – II
Unit I – Administrative Ethics
Ethics and Human Values: Lessons from lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators. Role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
Ethical concepts- Rit and Rin, concept of Duty, concept of Good and Virtue.
Ethics in private and public relationships- Behaviour, Moral and Political attitudes of administrators, Philosophical basis of Integrity.
Ethics of Bhagavad Geeta and its role in administration.
Contribution of Moral Thinkers and Philosophers from India & World.
Ethical concerns, dilemmas and challenges in administration.
Ethical decision-making and contributing factors; social justice, humanitarian concerns, accountability in governance and code of ethics.
Case Studies on above mentioned topics.
Unit II – General Science & Technology
Chemistry in everyday life; States of Matter; Atomic Structure; Metal, NonMetal and Metalloids, Metallurgical Principles and methods, Important ores and alloys; Acid, Base and Salts, concept of pH and Buffers; Important Drugs (Synthetic and Natural), Antioxidants, Preservatives, Insecticides, Pesticides, Fungicides, Herbicides, Fertilizers, Binders and Sweeteners; Carbon, its compounds and their domestic and industrial applications; Radioactivityconcepts and applications.
Physics in everyday life; Gravitation; Human eye and Defects; Heat; Static and Current Electricity; Magnetism, Electro-Magnetism, Sound and ElectroMagnetic Waves, Magnetic resonance imaging and Nuclear magnetic resonance; Nuclear fission and Fusion.
The Cell; Control and Coordination, Reproductive, Excretory, Respiratory, Circulatory and Digestive systems in Human being; Blood groups, Composition and Functions of blood; Hormones; Genetics and Lifestyle Diseases; Human diseases- Communicable and Non-communicable, Endemic, Epidemic, Pandemic their Diagnosis and Control, Immunization and Vaccination; Drugs and Alcohol abuse. Plant parts and their functions, Plant nutrition, Plant growth regulators, Sexual and asexual reproduction in plants, Important medicinal plants with special reference to Rajasthan; Organic farming; Biotechnology and its applications.
Basic computer science; Networking and types; Analogue and digital telecommunication; Frequency spectrum; Mobile telephony, Recent developments in information and communication technology- Artificial intelligence; Big data, Cloud computing, Internet of things, Crypto currency, OTT platforms and Social media and their impacts; IT industry in India, Digital India initiatives.
Contribution of Indian Scientists in Science and Technology, Scientific and technological advancements- Robotics, Machine learning, Augmented reality, Nanotechnology, RFID, Quantum computing etc, Development of science and technology in Rajasthan, Government policies related to Science and Technology.
Space technology- Indian space programme, Satellites and their orbits, various launch vehicles; Remote sensing.
Defence technology- Missiles, Indian missile programme, Chemical and Biological weapons
Institutional Framework- III: Election Commission of India, Comptroller and Auditor General, Union Public Service Commission, NITI Aayog, Central Vigilance Commission, Central Information Commission, National Human Rights Commission.
Political Dynamics: Role of Caste, Religion, Class, Ethnicity, Language and Gender in Indian Politics, Political Parties and Electoral Behaviour, Civil Society and Political Movement, Issues related to National Integrity and Security, Potential areas of Socio-Political conflicts.
State Politics of Rajasthan: Party System, Political Demography, Different phases of Political competition in Rajasthan, Panchayati Raj and Urban self Government Institutions.
Emerging World Order in the post Cold War era, USA’s hegemony and its resistance, UN and Regional Organizations, Dynamics of International Economy, International Terrorism and Environmental issues.
Foreign Policy of India: Evolution, Determinants, India’s relations with USA, China, Russia, European Union and Neighbouring Countries, India’s role in UN, NAM, BRICS, G- 20, G- 77 and SAARC.
Geo-political and Strategic issues in South Asia, South East Asia, West Asia and Far- East and their impact on India.
Current Affairs: Current events, persons and places of Rajasthan, National and international importance, recent activities related to games and sports.
Unit II – Concepts, Issues and Dynamics of Public Administration and Management
Administration and Management: Meaning, nature and significance. Its role in developed and developing societies. Evolution of Public Administration as a discipline, New Public Administration, Approaches to the study of Public Administration.
Concepts of power, authority, legitimacy, responsibility and delegation.
Principles of Organization: Hierarchy, Span of Control and Unity of Command.
Functions of Management, Corporate governance and social responsibility.
New dimensions of New Public Management, Change Management.
Attitude and Values of Civil Services: ethics, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, dedication to public service, relationship between Generalists and Specialists.
Control over Administration: Legislative, Executive and Judicial-Various Means and Limitations.
Administrative setup, administrative culture in Rajasthan: Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State Secretariat, Directorates and Chief Secretary.
District Administration: organization, role of District Collector and District Magistrate, Superintendent of Police, Sub-divisional and Tehsil administration.
Development Administration: Meaning, Scope and Characteristics.
State Human Rights Commission, State Election Commission, Lokayukt, Rajasthan Public Service Commission, Rajasthan Guaranteed Delivery of Public Services Act, 2011 and Rajasthan Right to Hearing Act, 2012.
Unit III – Sports & Yoga, Behaviour and Law
Part A – Sports & Yoga
Sports Policies of India and Rajasthan State.
Sports Authority of India and Rajasthan State Sports Council.
National and Rajasthan State level Awards for Sports.
Yoga – Positive way of life.
Eminent Sports personalities of India.
First Aid and Rehabilitation.
Participation of Indian Sports Persons in Olympics, Asian Games, Common Wealth Games and Para-Olympic Games.
Part B – Behaviour
Intelligence: Cognitive intelligence, Social and Emotional intelligence, Cultural intelligence, Spiritual intelligence.
Personality: Traits and Types, Determinants of personality and Assessment of personality.
Learning and Motivation: Styles of learning, Models of memory, Causes of forgetting. Assessment of motivation.
Stress and Management: Nature, Types, Sources, Symptoms, Effects, Stress Management, Promotion of Mental Health.
Part C- Law
Concepts of Law: Ownership and Possession, Personality, Liability, Rights and Duties.
Contemporary Legal Issues: Right to Information, Information Technology Law including cyber crimes (concepts, purpose, prospects), Intellectual Property Rights (concepts, types, purpose).
Crimes against Women and Children: Domestic Violence, Sexual Harassment at work place, The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012, Laws related to child labour.
The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007.