Rajput Rebellion – 1708
The three Rajput Raja’s of Amber, Udaipur and Jodhpur made a joint resistance to the Mughals. The alliance defeated and expelled the Mughals from Rajputana. Bahadur Shah I was forced to sign truce with Rajputana restoring Ajit Singh and Jai Singh to the Mughal Service.
Background of the Rebellion:
Bahadur Shah I had dethorned Ajit Singh of Jodhpur & Jai Singh II of Amer. Meanwhile, Amar Singh II of Mewar raged a war against the Mughal emperor until his brother Muhammad Kam Bakhsh’s insurgency diverted him southward. While the emperor was on his way to Deccan to take care of rebellion by Muhammad Kam Bakhsh the three Rajput Raja’s of Amer, Jodhpur and Udaipur made a joint resistance to the Mughals.
The Rajput Rebellion:
The Rajputs first expelled the commandants of Jodhpur and Hindaun-Bayana and recovered Amber by a night attack. They next killed Sayyid Hussain Khan Barha, the commandant of Mewat and many other officers (September, 1708). The alliance defeated and expelled the Mughals from Rajputana.
Aftermath of Rajput Rebellion:
The emperor, then in the Deccan had to patch up a truce by restoring Ajit Singh and Jai Singh to the Mughal Service. Aurangzeb’s rule of excluding Rajputs from the administration was now abandoned and Jai Singh was appointed to govern the important provinces of Agra and Malwa. Ajit Singh of Marwar was also pardoned and in 1712 was appointed as Mughal governor of Gujarat.