Rajasthan State Formation Post Independence
Rajasthan earlier known as Rajputana came into existence on March 30, 1949. Rajasthan Day is celebrated every year on March 30 to commemorate the day on which the state of Rajasthan came into existence
Rajasthan at time of Independence
Before Independence, Rajasthan was (Rajputana) consisting of twenty-two small and big Princely States. On 5th July 1947 the State Secretariat was established with V. K Menon as its Secretary. In August 1947, at the time of Independence, Rajasthan included 19 princely state & 3 thikanas (Chiefships) of Neemrana, Lava & Kushalgarh.
Though these Princely States were declared to have been annexed to the Union of India on 15 August, 1947, the process of merger and their unification became completed in Novemeber, 1956, in 7 stages/phases.
Stages of Formation of Present State of Rajasthan
- First Stage: Formation of Matsya Union
- Second Stage: Formation of Rajasthan Union
- Third Stage: Formation of United States of Rajasthan
- Fourth Stage: Formation of Greater Rajasthan
- Fifth Stage: Formation of United States of Greater Rajasthan
- Sixth Stage: Formation of United Rajasthan
- Seventh Stage: Formation of Re-organised Rajasthan
1. Formation of Matsya Union
In the first stage of merger, four Princely States of Alwar, Bharatpur, Dholpur and Karauli formed the Matsya Union and it was inaugurated on 17th March, 1948. The Cabinet of this Union was formed under the Leadership of Shri Shobha Ram, from Alwar.
2. Formation of Rajasthan Union
2nd Stage: Separate from Matsya Union, the Rajasthan Union, consisting of Banswara, Bundi, Dungarpur, Jhalawar, Kishangarh, Pratapgarh, Shahapura, Tonk and Kota, was inaugurated on 25 March, 1948. The Kota State got the honour of being the capital of this Union. The Kota Naresh was appointed as the Rajpramukh and Shri Gokul Lal Asawa was appointed as the Chief Minister.
3. Formation of United States of Rajasthan
3rd Stage: But only three days after inauguration of Rajasthan Union, the Maharana of Udaipur decided to join this Union which was accepted by the Government of India. The Maharana of Udaipur was appointed as Rajpramukh and the Kota Naresh was appointed as Up- Rajpramukh of this Union and the Cabinet was formed Under the leadership of Shri Manikya Lal Verma. This United States of Rajasthan was inaugurated by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru on 18 April, 1948.
4. Formation of Greater Rajasthan
4th Stage: The formation of the United States of Rajasthan paved the way for the merger of big states like Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Jaipur and Jodhpur with the Union and formation of Greater Rajasthan. It was formally inaugurated on 30 March, 1949 by Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel. The Maharana Bhupal Singh of Udaipur was appointed as the Maha-Rajpramukh and the Kota Naresh was appointed as the Up- Rajpramukh and the Cabinet was formed under the leadership of Shri Hira Lala Shastri.
Trivia: Rajasthan Day: 30th March (based on this stage)
5. Formation of United States of Greater Rajasthan
5th Stage: Finally, Matsya Union was merged with Greater Rajasthan on 15 May, 1949. The post of Prime minister was discontinued and a Chief minister office was constituted. ‘Hiralal Shastri‘ became the first Chief Minister of Rajasthan.
6. Formation of United Rajasthan
6th Stage: In 6th Stage, 18 states of United Rajasthan & princely state of Sirohi got merged with exception of Abu & Delwara. It was completed by 26 Jan 1950.
7. Formation of Re-organised Rajasthan
7th Stage: This stage completed the integration, formation and reorganization of state of Rajasthan and took place because of State Re-organization Act of 1956. Under this, the erstwhile part ‘C’ State of Ajmer, Abu Road Taluka, former part of princely State Sirohi which was merged in former Bombay, State and Sunel Tappa region of the former Madhya Bharat merged with Rajasthan and Sironj subdistrict of Jhalawar district was transferred to Madhya Pradesh. The process got completed on 1 November 1956 and Mohanlal Sukhadia became Chief Minsiter and Gurumukh Nihal SIngh became Governor.
Summary: Stages of Rajasthan State Formation
|S.No||Name of Group||States||Date of Integration||Chief Minister||Governor|
|1||Matsya Union||Alwar, Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli||17-03-1948||Shri Shobha ram||Rajpramukh: Maharaj rana Udaibhan Singh of Dholpur|
|2||Rajasthan Union||Banswara, Bundi, Dungerpur, Jhalawar, Kishangarh, Kota(Capital), Pratapgarh, Shahpura, Tonk.||25-03-1948||Gokul Ll Asawa||Rajpramukh: Kota Naresh – Maharao Bhim Singh|
|3||United State of Rajasthan||Udaipur also joined with the other Union of Rajasthan.||18-04-1948||Manikhya Lal Verma||Rajpramukh: Maharana of Udaipur – Bhupal Singh UprajyaPramukh: Kota Naresh|
|4||Greater Rajasthan||Bikaner, Jaipur, Jaisalmer & Jodhpur also joined with the United State of Rajasthan.||30-03-1949||Hiralal Shastri (1st CM) (7/4/1949)||Rajpramukh:Raja Man Singh (II) of Jaipur. But as Udaipur Maharana senior hence, Udaipur Maharana designated as Maharajpramukh|
|5||United State of Greater Rajasthan||Matsya Union also merged in Greater Rajasthan||15-05-1949|
|6||United Rajasthan||18 States of United Rajasthan merged with Princely State Sirohi except Abu and Delwara.||26-01-1950|
|7||Re-organised Rajasthan||Under the State Re-organisation Act, 1956 the erstwhile part ‘C’ State of Ajmer, Abu Road Taluka, former part of princely State Sirohi which was merged in former Bombay, State and Sunel Tappa region of the former Madhya Bharat merged with Rajasthan and Sironj subdistrict of Jhalawar district was transferred to Madhya Pradesh.||11/01/56||C. S Ventachari (6/1/1951) Jai Narayan Vyas (26/4/1951)
Tikaram Paliwal (3/3/1952)
Jainarayan Vyas (1/11/1952) Mohan lal Sukhadia ( 13/11/54) till 67
|Mann Singh ji continued till 31/10/56 when Gurumukh Nihal Singh became Governor (1/11/1956)|
New districts in Rajasthan: Timeline
When State reorganization of 1956 came to place on 01 November 1956, there were 26 districts in Rajasthan. However, the formation of new districts did not stop there and there was formation of new districts from time to time:
- 27th District: Dholpur
- Formed by division of Bharatpur on 15-April-1982
- 28th District: Bara
- Formed by division of Kota on 10-April-1991
- 29th District: Dausa
- Formed by division of Jaipur on 10-April-1991
- 30th District: Rajsamand
- Formed by division of Udaipur on 10-April-1991
- 31st District: Hanumangarh
- Formed by division of Sri Ganganagar on 12-July-1994
- 32nd District: Karoli
- Formed by division of Sawai Madhopur on 19-July-1997
- 33rd District: Pratapgarh
- Formed by reorganizing Udaipur, Chittorgarh and Banswara districts on 26-Jan-2008
Frequently Asked Questions:
Rajasthan State Day is celebrated every year on 30th March.
When State reorganization of 1956 came to place on 01 November 1956, there were 26 districts in Rajasthan.
Because it was on 30th March 1949, that Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel inaugurated the State of Greater Rajasthan.
Featured Image Source: euratlas