Archaeological Site of Ganeshwar in Sikar
Ganeshwar is a village in Neem Ka Thana Tehsil in the Sikar District of Rajasthan. Excavations have revealed ancient sites, with remains of a 4000 years old civilization. The site is located at source of river Kantali, which used to join river Drishadvati, near Soni-Bhadra on the north.
Historian Ratan Lal Mishra wrote that Red pottery with black portraiture was found which is estimated to be belonging to 2500–2000 BC was found when Ganeshwar was excavated in 1977.
Articles made of copper, terracotta figurines representing animals, beads of semi-precious stones, and microliths were other finds on this site. Later excavations of this area included grey ware.
Ganeshwar is located near the copper mines of the Sikar-Jhunjhunu area of the Khetri copper belt in Rajasthan. It mainly supplied copper objects to Harappa.
The archaeological site was named after the present-day village, Gilund, and is locally known as Modiya Magari which means “bald habitation mound”.
Ganeshwar saw three cultural phases:
- Period 1 (3800 BCE) which was characterized by hunting and gathering communities using chert tools;
- Period II (2800 BCE) shows the beginnings of metal work in copper and fired clay pottery;
- Period III (2000 BCE) featured a variety of pottery and copper goods being produced. Nearly one thousand pieces of copper were found here
Features of Ganeshwar
- Copper objects, microliths & pottery were found throughout the deposits.
- Copper objects included arrowheads, spearheads, fish hooks, bangles and chisels.
- Microliths, discovered here, represent a highly evolved geometric industry, the principal tool-types being blunted-back blades, obliquely-blunted blades, lunates, triangles and points.
- The raw materials employed for the industry included qarts, garnet, and occasionally jasper.
- The Pottery found represents OCP culture and includes storage jars, vases, basins, bowls, lids and miniature pots.