Archaeological Site of Bagor in Bhilwara

Archaeological Site of Bagor in Bhilwara

Bagor or Bagore is a town with Sub-Tehsil in Mandal tehsil of Bhilwara district of State of Rajasthan, India. Bagor is a site of late Mesolithic settlement in N-W India.

The archeological site of Bagor is the largest Mesolithic site discovered in India and is spread across an area of about 10,000 square meters. It is also the only site in the country which is horizontally excavated.

Location:

  • The site is located on the left bank of Kothari river, a tributary of Banas River, at a distance of about 25 km from bhilwara city.
  • Site lies on a large and prominent sand dune locally known as “mahasati” in the centre of mewar plains in the shadow of Aravali hills.

Excavations:

  • Discovered by Dr. L.S leshnik of university of Heidelberg in 1967.
  • Excavated by – VN mishra (1973-77) and Vasant shinde.

Archaeological Site of Bagor

  • Site was occupied over a period of 5 millenia and there are enough evidences of the interactions between the stone age communities with the full fledged farming culture, which gives us an insight in the process of acculturation of the stone age community.
  • As recent as 2017 stone age tools or microliths ranging from 5000 – 200000 years old are found in Bagor and neighbouring  sub-sites in a recent excavation by a team of archaeologists from Sahitya  Sansthan, JanardhanRai Nagar Rajasthan Vidyapeeth, Udaipur  accompanied by a notable historian OmPrakash Sharma of Bundi.
  • The site also possesses the largest number of radiocarbon dates making it the most securely dated of all Mesolithic sites in the country. 
  • It has three cultural phases and the basis of radio-carbon dating, phase I of the culture has been placed between 5000-2000 BC.
  • Bagor site is quite unique as it had yielded the earliest evidence of a domestic dog sharing the habitat with stone age communities.
  • It is found that the nomadic pastoralists of bagore were indulged in animal husbandry in the time frame of 5000-3000 bc.
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