Rajasthani Folk Painting Art
Rajasthani folk painting art has been divided into following types:
- Wall & ground paintings: Devra, Pathwari, Sanjhi , Mandav etc.
- Cloth Paintings: Pat, Pichhwai, Phad etc
- Painting on Paper: Paane
- Painting made on Wood: Kavad
- Painting on Human body: Mehandi, Godana
- Thape is a form of drawings on walls.
- In Rajasthan it is made up turmeric, geru, henna and kumkum.
- Pictures are drawn on the both side of the door, to invoke deities, Prevalent in Rajasthan.
- In Jodhpur, metal utensils used for drinking water have a layer of cloth or leather wrapped around them. These are called as Badaley.
- They are provided with beautiful designs & colours.
- Thewa art is minute painting on glass using gold.
- Glass used is coloured Belgium glass.
- Different colours are used to make it attractive
- The art is limited to Pratapgarh
- Mandana is an art of the tribal wall and floor paintings found in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.
- It is derived from the word ‘Mandan’ referring to decoration and beautification and comprises simple geometric forms like triangles, squares and circles to decorate houses.
- In tribal ideology they are famed for warding off evil and acting as a good luck charm.
- It uses white khariya or chalk solution and geru or red ochre.
- The design may show Ganesha, peacocks, women at work, tigers, floral motifs, etc.
- Phad is a painted scroll, which depicts stories of epic dimensions about local deities and legendary heroes.
- Bhopas (local priests) carry these scrolls on their shoulders from village to village for a performance
- Represents the moving shrine of the deity and is an object of worship.
- Most popular & largest Phad – local deities Devnarayanji and Pabuji.
- Shahpura, Tehsil in Bhilwara is famous for Phad.
- 2006, Shri laal Joshi – was awarded Padamshri for contribution to Phad.