Rajasthan State | History, Geography, Places, Economy

Rajasthan State | History, Geography, Places, Economy

Rajasthan is the largest state by area in India. It is located on the western side of the country, located between 23 30’ and 30 11’ North latitude and 69 29’ and 78 17’ East longitude. It shares international border with Pakistan and with 5 other states of India including Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.

Established: 30 March 1949Districts: 33State Symbols
Area: 3,42,239 Sq. Kms.Largest City: JaipurDistrict RTO Codes
Chief Minister: Shri Ashok GehlotGovernor: Shri Kalraj MishraDivisions

Sections on Rajasthan:


Introduction

Rajasthan has deep historical roots with sites of ancient Indus Valley Civilization (Kalibangan), Vedic Civilization being located in the state. During medieval times, the province reached its glory being witness to many decisive wars and tales of bravery and sacrifice available from every corner of the state.

Prithvi Raj Chouhan, Maharana Partap from the place are  not just local heroes but heroes revered in every part of India and famous world-wide.

The modern state was formed on 30 March 1949 when Rajputana was merged into the Dominion of India. Its capital and largest city is Jaipur, which is also known as Pink City. Other important cities are Jodhpur, Kota, Udaipur, Bikaner and Ajmer.

Geographically, the state is dominated by stretches of Thar Desert and the Aravalli Range. While, the Thar Desert occupies the most of the northwestern portion of state, the Aravalli’s serve as climate divide running from southwest to northeast, almost from one end to the other restricting the growth and dominance of desert.

It is is also home to three national tiger reserves, the Ranthambore National Park in Sawai Madhopur,  Mukundra Hill Tiger Reserve in Kota and Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar.

The state has exhibited spectacular progress in harnessing of mineral resources, agricultural production, development of road transport and communication, and the production of energy resources from fossil fuels to solar power but the rate of economic progress have been slowed to a large extent by growth human population and low levels of human development.

Rajasthan History


The history of human settlement in Rajasthan is almost as old as any other part of India.  A survey of the Banas and its tributaries the Gambhiri, the Viraj, and Wagan has provided evidences that man lived along the banks of these rivers at least 100,000 years ago.

The present day districts of Jhunjhunu and Sikar, along with other areas of Jaipur district bordering south Haryana, formed the part of Vedic state of Brahmavarta.

Section: History
Subsections: Ancient History (Till 1200 CE)Medieval History (1200 A.D. to 1707 A.D.)Modern History (1707-1947)Battles in Rajasthan

Rajasthan Art & Culture


Rajasthan has a rich heritage of its peculiar Art Culture & Architecture. Many of these art forms have survived through ages and are even part of present culture.

Section: Art & Culture
Subsections: PaintingsFolk ArtHandicraftsFairs & FestivalsFolk DancesMusic Instruments

Administration


The state of Rajasthan has been divided into 7 divisions, these divisions include within them group of districts. In total there are 33 districts in the state. Each of the districts is divided into Sub-division consisting of Tehsils, sub-tehsils and villages.

Section: Polity & Administration
Subsections: Government SchemesDistricts —-

Divisions in Rajasthan

DivisionDistricts
Ajmer Division:Ajmer, Bhilwara, Nagaur, Tonk.
Bharatpur Division:Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli, Sawai Madhopur
Bikaner DivisionBikaner, Churu, Sri Ganganagar, Hanumangarh
Jaipur DivisionAlwar, Dausa, Jaipur, Jhunjhunu, Sikar
Jodhpur Division Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jodhpur, Pali, Sirohi
Kota DivisionBaran, Bundi, Jhalawar, Kota
Udaipur DivisionBanswara, Chittorgarh, Dungarpur, Rajsamand, Pratapgarh, Udaipur

Demography of Rajasthan


Population

According to the 2011 Census of India, Rajasthan has a total population of 68,548,437. The largest city by population is Jaipur, followed by Jodhpur, Kota, Bikaner, Ajmer and Udaipur.

Personalities

Eminent personalities have blessed the lands of Rajasthan State.

Subsection: Historical Heroes — Bhakti SaintsFreedom FightersSportspersons — Entrepreneurs & Businesspersons — Artists

Tribes of Rajasthan

The tribes of Rajasthan constitute approximately 13.5% of Rajasthan’s population. Each of these tribes can be identified by their own culture, customs, trades, fairs & festivals. Bhils & Minas constitute the majority of population of the tribes of Rajasthan.

Subsection: Scheduled Area

Geography


Rajasthan is the largest state in the Union of India and has more physical variations than any other state. It has regions of rolling  sand dunes in the west to lofty rocks in the middle to fertile plains in the east.

Rivers of Rajasthan

The State is one of the driest states of the country and the total surface water resources in the state are only about 1% of the total surface water resources of the country. The rivers of the state are rain-fed and identified by 14 major basins divided into 59 sub-basins.

The Luni river system that rises from the western slopes of the Aravalli Range (near Ajmer) flows through the semi-arid transitional plains into the Rann of Kutch and Arabian Sea, while the Banas and other streams, rising from the eastern slopes of the Aravallis, join the Chambal.

Section: Rivers —- ChambalLuniBanasBangangaSabarmati —- MahiWest Banas —- Rivers of Inland drainage —-
Subsections: River BasinsLost RiversRivers by Districts

Economy


Rajasthan is the third most investment destination in India after Maharashtra and Gujarat, because of factors such as  better law and order situation, peaceful environment, excellent road & railway infrastructure and very less population density.

The progress of Rajasthan is fuelled by diversified economy having agriculture, mining and tourism as the supporting engines.

Section: Economy
Sub-Section: BudgetMacro Indicators of Economic Development

Infrastructure


A sound infrastructural foundation is the key to the overall socio-economic development of a state. It acts as a magnetic power for attracting fresh investment into a state and thus provides a competitive edge to it over other states.

The installed capacity of power in the State as on December 2019 is 21,175.90 MW. Solar Power plants of 4,637 MW have been commissioned in the State upto December, 2019. Road length has increased to 2,64,244.05 km upto March, 2019. The road density in the state is 77.21 km per 100 sq. km at the end of March, 2019.

Section: Infrastructure

Subsections: Power InfrastructurePostal & Telcom InfrastructureRoadsRailwaysAirports & Airways |

Tourism


Rajasthan is one of the most precious jewel in India’s crown. Endowed with natural beauty and a great history, Rajasthan has a flourishing tourism industry and every third foreign tourist visiting India also travels to Rajasthan.

Related: Contribution of Tourism in State Economy

During the calendar year 2019, the number of tourist visits in Rajasthan was 538.26 lakh with 522.2 lakh domestic tourists and about 06 lakh foreign travellers. Rajasthan also forms part of India’s golden triangle, a tourist circuit which connects the national capital Delhi, Agra and Jaipur. 

Section: Tourism Section
Subsections: Eco-tourismAgri-tourismPolicy 2020

eBooks on Rajasthan

RajRAS RAS Pre 2020 PDF Download Free

Rajasthan Map

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