National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) in Rajasthan
NMSA is one of the restructured schemes subsuming National Mission on Micro Irrigation, National Project on Organic Farming, National Project on Management of Soil health & Fertility and Rainfed Area Development Programme to focus on Climate change adaptation, being implemented since the year 2014-15.
Share of Centre: State in funding is 60: 40 percent.
National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) consists of 4 sub missions:
- Rainfed Area Development (RAD)
- Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
- Soil Health Management and soil health card
- Sub-Mission on Agro-forestry
Rain-fed Area Development (RAD):
- Different types of area-specific Integrated Farming Systems (IFS) have been envisaged in different agro-climatic zones of the State i.e. Livestock based, horticulture based and agro-forestry (Tree) based farming systems.
- Assistance is being provided for various IFS activities and allied activities.
- The farming systems are being taken up along with other activities like establishment of vermi compost units, construction of water harvesting structures and green houses, and beekeeping.
Soil Health Card Scheme (“Swasth Dhara Khet Hara”):
- The scheme envisages promoting the soil testing services, issue of soil health cards and development of judicious nutrient management practices for different crops.
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY):
- Organic agriculture is production of agricultural products free from chemicals and pesticide residues, by adopting eco-friendly low cost technologies.
- Under PKVY, organic farming is promoted through adoption of organic village by cluster approach and Participatory Guarantee Systems (PGS) certification.
- Participatory Guarantee System under PGS-India programme is the key approach for quality assurance under the PKVY. The farmers have options to adopt any form of organic farming in compliance with PGS-India standards.
Sub-Mission on Agro-forestry (SMAF):
- SubMission on Agro-Forestry was launched in 2017-18 with the objective to encourage and expanding tree plantation in agriculture, ensuring availability of quality planting material and popularizing various Agro-Forestry Practices and models for different agro climatic zones and land use conditions and to creating database and knowledge support in the area of agro-forestry.
- The funding pattern with respect to Gol: GoR is 60:40.