Development of power resources is pre-requisite for development of any region. Power resources of Rajasthan play a key factor in the modern agricultural, industrial and economic development. While, chronically Rajasthan has been power hungry state, the discovery of petroleum and natural gases resources in west Rajasthan and solar power potential has given new hope in converting Rajasthan into a power surplus state.
By 2017, Rajasthan has around 17 GW of Installed power capacity with around 37% coming from renewable energy.
Classification of sources of Power:
The following charts shows classification of power resources.
Rajasthan has taken a lead in development of non-conventional or renewable power resources.
Thermal Power Resources of Rajasthan:
Thermal power plants use Coal as fuel for generation. Rajasthan has very poor quality and quantity of coal. Only lignite coal of tertiary era having high sulphur content with low carbon percent (30-35%) is mainly found in Rajasthan. Lignite cannot be economically used generating power and hence most of the power plants in Rajasthan import coal from outside.
Thermal Power plants of Rajasthan:
- Suratgarh Super Thermal Power Plant – 1500 MW (6×250 MW) – RVUNL
- Kota Super Thermal Power Plant – 1240 MW (2×110, 3×210, 2×195) – RVUNL
- Chhabra Thermal Power Plant – 1000 MW (4×250 MW) – RVUNL
- Kalisindh Thermal Power Station – 600 MW (1×600 MW) – RVUNL
- Giral Lignite Power Plant – 250 MW (2×125 MW) – RVUNL
- Barsingsar Thermal Power Station
- JSW Barmer Power Station
- Kawai Thermal Power Station
- VS Lignite Power Plant
Oil & Natural Gas Power Resources of Rajasthan
Recently, oil and natural gas resources have been discovered in the western part of the state. [Read: Hydrocarbon resources of Rajasthan].
Gas power plants of Rajasthan
- Dholpur Combined Cycle Power Station – 330 MW (2×110 MW Gas Turbine, 1×110 MW Steam Turbine). – RVUNL
- Ramgarh Gas Thermal Power Station – 430 MW (1×35.5 MW GT, 1×37.5 MW GT, 1×37.5 MW ST, 1×110 MW GT,1×50 MW ST are running) whereas 1×160 MW(110 MW GT + 50 MW ST) is under planning stage. – RVUNL
Hydro Power Resources of Rajasthan
Hydro-electric power plants of Rajasthan
- Rana Pratap Sagar Dam – 172 MW (4×43 MW)
- Jawahar Sagar Dam – 99 MW (3×33 MW)
- Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam – 140 MW (2×25 MW, 2×45 MW) – RVUNL
Unconventional Power Resources:
Nuclear Power Sources of Rajasthan
Nuclear Power Plants in Rajasthan
- Rajasthan Atomic Power Station, Rawatbhata ( 1180 MW)
Renewable Energy Sources of Rajasthan
- Nodal government organisation responsible for renewable energy in Rajasthan is Rajasthan Renewable energy Corporation Limited (RRECL)
Solar Energy Resources of Rajasthan
Rajasthan shines bright on the solar map of India with 300-330 clear sunny days comparable to deserts of California, Nevada, Colorado and Arizona. Within the state the districts such as Barmer, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur are the key regions with best solar radiation. Rajasthan is endowed with two critical resources that are essential to solar power production: high level of solar radiation (6-7 kWh/ m2/ day) and large tracts of relatively flat, undeveloped land.
Recently, Rajasthan has overtaken Gujarat to become highest Solar Energy capacity installed among Indian states.
List of Solar Parks in Rajasthan
- Bhadla Solar Park – Total Capacity (Phase I/II/III/IV) – 2255 MWp (Proposed).
- Phalodi-Pokaran Solar Park
- Fatehgarh Solar Park
- Nokh Solar Park
Solar Projects installed in Rajasthan
Wind Energy Resources of Rajasthan
Rajasthan is India’s leading state in tapping wind energy for power generation. The wind energy potential in the state is estimated to be about 5400 MW. Out of this, 4000 MW of Wind Power capacity has been installed. Tamil Naidu has the highest wind power installed.
The government has issued POLICY FOR PROMOTING GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY FROM WIND, 2012
The main source for biomass energy in the State of Rajasthan is Mustard Husk and Julie Flora. State Government has even issued ‘Policy for Promoting Generation of Electricity from Biomass 2010’ for encouraging investments in the sector. Biomass based power projects with capacity of 99.30 MW have been commissioned as on December, 2014.
Electricity Transmission & Distribution in Rajasthan
At the time of India’s independence, the total number of towns and villages electrified did not exceed 42 and the installed generating capacity was only 13.27 MW. However, with the formation of Rajasthan State Electricity Board (RSEB) on 1st July 1957, power sector in Rajasthan received priority and power projects began to mushroom all over State.
Earlier, Rajasthan State Electricity Board (RSEB) was the prime agency for generation, transmission and distribution of electricity in the state. But after 19 July 2000, RSEB has been restructured into 5 different companies to strengthen infrastructure and separate the generation, transmission and distribution functions.
- Generation: Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Ltd.(RVUNL)
- Total Generation Capacity: 5957 MW.
- Transmission: Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Prasaran Nigam Ltd.,(RVPN)
- RVPN is engaged in transmitting bulk power from generating stations to inter-phase point of Discoms
- Distribution: 3 Companies region based:
- Jaipur Vidyut Vitran Nigam Ltd.,(JVVNL)
- Ajmer Vidyut Vitran Nigam Ltd.(AVVNL).
- Jodhpur Vidyut Vitran Nigam Ltd.(JdVVNL)
Other than above:
- In 2015, Rajasthan Government established – Rajasthan Urja Vikas Nigam Limited (RUVNL) to carry out Power trading business for the State Power sector distribution companies.
Government organisation for Regulation of electricity
The Rajasthan Electricity Regulatory Commission (RERC) is responsible for regulating electricity sector in Rajasthan. Among other things RERC is responsible to regulate electricity purchase and procurement process of distribution licensees including the price at which electricity shall be procured from the generating companies or licensees or from other sources through agreements for purchase of power for distribution and supply within the State.