The Matsya Festival is one of the most popular and important festivals of Rajasthan, held in Alwar. The two day is celebrated in the month of December every year and is known for showcasing the rich social and cultural heritage of the region. The Matsya Festival is attended by thousands of people including locals, national and international tourists who engage themselves in a variety of competitions, exhibitions, sports, traditional songs and dances, folk music and more.
In Hindu mythology, Matsya (Sanskrit: मत्स्य, lit. fish) is the avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu in the form of a fish. Listed as one the ten primary avatars of Vishnu, Matsya is described to have rescued the first man, Manu, from a great floods.
During Vedic Period (1500 BC- 500 BC)- were one of the Indo-Aryan tribes of Vedic India. By the late Vedic period, they established their kingdom – Matsya Mahajanpada, South of Kurus and west of Yamuna river, corresponding to present day Alwar, Bharatpur & Jaipur of Rajasthan. The capital of Matsya was at Viratanagari (present-day Bairat), said to have been named after its founder king, Virata.