This page is divided into 3 sections:
Section 1: Constitutional & Act Provisions related to education.
Section 2: Central Schemes on Education
Section 3: State Schemes on education.
Constitutional Provisions & Central Schemes are relevant to both UPSC- Civil service aspirants and RPSC- Rajasthan Civil Service Aspirants.
Rajasthan Civil Service (RAS) aspirants should also pay attention to Rajasthan State Government Schemes mentioned below, after Central Schemes.
Section 1: Constitutional Provisions on Education:
Schedule VII: Concurrent list – Subject 25.
- 42nd Amendment of 1976 bought Education to Concurrent list from state list.
- Text:(25. Education, including technical education, medical education and universities, subject to the provisions of Entries 63, 64, 65 and 66 of List I; vocational and technical training of labour.)
- This means that both Center and States can make rules on education but rules made by center would override any state rules, in case of conflict.
86th Constitutional Amendment -2002
- Fundamental Right: Inserted Article 21(A) – Right to elementary education under Right to Freedom(21). It states that State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of age 6 to 14 years as state may determine.
- Fundamental Duty: Inserted Article 51(A)(k) – duty of every citizen to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between age of 6 to 14 years.
- Directive Principle of State Policy (DPSP): Changed Article 45 – State should endeavor to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete age of 6 years.
Right to Education (RTE)
- Full title: Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009
- Became operative in the country on April 1, 2010
- What: Every child has a right to elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school, which satisfies certain essential norms and standards.
- As per this Act, 25 per cent seats has been reserved in private schools for boys/girls of weaker section and Specially Abeled groups.
Educational Provisions for Weaker Sections:
- Article 46 states that, “The State shall promote, with special care, the education and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and, in particular of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of social exploitation.”
- Article 30: established right of minorities to establish & administer educational institutions of their choice.
- Article 350 (A): For Linguistic minorities state & local authorities shall endeavor to provide adequate facilities for instruction in mother-tongue at primary stage of education.
Section 2: Central Schemes on Education
We shall divide this section onto multiple sections:
- National Policy on Education 1986/92:
- Elementary level:
- Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
- Mid Day Meal (MDM)
- Secondary level:
- Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA),
- Model Schools,
- Higher Education:
- Rashtriya Ucchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA)
- Vocational Education, Girls’ Hostel, Inclusive Education of the Disabled, ICT at School
- Adult Education:
- Saakshar Bharat
- Teacher Education:
- Scheme for Strengthening Teacher Education
- Women’s education:
- Mahila Samakhya
- Minority Education:
- Scheme for Providing Quality Education in Madarsas (SPQEM)
- Infrastructure Development of Minority Institutions (IDMI)
Section 3: Rajasthan State Schemes on Education
- Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidhalaya(KGBVs)
- Mewat BalikaAwasiyaVidhalaya for Girls
- Meena Manch:
- Academic Mela:
- Sambalan Abhiyan:
- Mahila Shikshan Vihar
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