Basics of Livestock

Basics of Livestock
  • What is Livestock?
    • Livestock are animals that are domesticated and raised in an agricultural setting to produce commodities such as food, fiber, and labor.
    • They include cattle, goats etc
    • The breeding, maintenance, and slaughter of these animals, known as animal husbandry
  • What is Mixed Farming?
    • Mixed farming is a farming system, which involves the growing of crops as well as the raising of livestock
  • What are the advantages of Mixed Farming?
    • Mixed Farming offers highest return on farm business, as the by-products of both farm and livestock are properly utilized.
    • It provides work throughout year.
    • Provides efficient utilization of land, labor, equipment and other resources.
    • Crop by-products such as bus, straw, fodder are used for feeding of livestock and in return they provide milk.
    • Manures available from livestock are useful in maintenance of soil fertility.
    • It helps in supplying all the food needs (food security) of the family members.
    • Intensive cultivation is possible.
    • Provides livelihood security in case of drought, floods.
    • Milk cattle’s provide draft animals for crop production and rural transport.
    • Mixed farming increases social status of the farmer.

Types of livestock on basis of their utility:

  • Dairy (Milch) breeds:
    • Cows (Females): Gives high amount of milk
    • Bull (Males): are not good for work at farm
    • Examples: shahiwal, Red Sindhi, Gir and Deoni
  • Draught breeds:
    • Cows yield poor milk production
    • Bulls are good at draught and are used for carrying out agricultural work like tilling, irrigation and carting.
    • Examples Kangayam, Umblacherry, Amritmahal, Hallikar.
  • Dual Breeds:
    • Cows are good at milk production
    • Bulls are good at doing work
    • Examples Ongole, Hariana, Tharparker, Kankrej, Krishna valley, Rathi and Goalo Mewathi.
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