Classification of Forest of Rajasthan – ISFR 2019

Classification of Forest of Rajasthan – ISFR 2019

As per Forest Survey of India, State of Forest report 2019, (ISFR 2019 ) Rajasthan has recorded forest area of about 32,737 square kms. This forest area forms 9.57% of state’s geographical area and about 4.28% of India’s forest area. On the basis of Legal status, the Government has classified this forest area into three types:

  • Reserved Forests12,475 Sq. Kms
  • Protected Forests18,217 Sq. Kms
  • Unclassified Forests2,045 Sq. Kms

Reserved Forest:

  • These forests are under the direct supervision of the government.
  • No public entry is allowed for collection of timber or grazing of cattle.
  • Rajasthan has 12,475 sq kms or 38% of forest as Reserved Forest.

Protected Forest:

  • These forests are looked after by the government, but the local people are allowed to collect fuel-wood/timber and graze their cattle without causing serious damage to the forests.
  • Rajasthan has 18,217 sq kms or 55% of forest area under Protected Forests.

Unclassified Forest:

  • The unclassified forests are those in which there is no restriction on the cutting of trees and grazing of cattle.
  • Rajasthan has 2045 sq kms or 7% of area has Unclassified forests.

ISFR 2019 Rajasthan: Classification based on Canopy Density

The Forest Survey of India (FSI), brings out bi-annual state of forests report. The ISFR 2019 Rajasthan report, the FSI classifies forest as:

Forest Cover of Rajasthan as per ISFR 2019

  • Very Dense Forests ( VDF) – 0.02%
  • Moderately Dense Forests (MDF) – 1.27%
  • Open Forests (OF) – 3.57%
  • Scrubs – 1.39%
  • Non-Forest Area- 93.75%

Very Dense Forests (VDF):

  • The Lands with forest cover having a canopy density of 70% and more are called Very Dense Forests (VDF).
  • In Rajasthan, there are only 77.81 Sq kms of very dense forests.
  • Percentage VDF: 0.02% of Geographical Area

Moderately Dense Forests (MDF):

  • The Land with forest cover having a canopy density of 40-70% is called the Moderately Dense Forest (MDF).
  • In Rajasthan, there are only 4341.90 Sq kms of moderately dense forests.
  • Percentage MDF: 1.27% of Geographical Area

Open Forests (OF):

  • The Lands with forest cover having canopy density of 10-40% are called Open Forests.
  • In Rajasthan, there are only 12,209.80 Sq kms of open forests.
  • Percentage OF: 3.57% of Geographical Area

 Scrubs:

  • The degraded forest lands which have a Canopy density of less than 10% are called Scrubs.
  • In Rajasthan, there are about 4760.04 Sq kms of scrubs.
  • Percentage Scrubs: 1.39% of Geographical Area

Non-Forest Area:

  • Rest of the area, included all other lands except forest area.
  • Percentage Non-Forest: 93.75%

ISFR 2019 Rajasthan: Altitude-wise Forest Cover in Rajasthan

The report also identifies, variation of forests with altitude:

Altitude wise forest cover in Rajasthan

Important Terms to understand:

Forest Cover:

  • Forest Cover All lands which are more than 1 hectare in area and with a Canopy density of more than 10% irrespective of the ownership and legal status is called Forest Cover.

Recorded Forest Area:

  • The area recorded as “forests” in the Government records is called Forest Area or Recorded Forest Area.

Canopy and Canopy Density

  • The cover of branches and Foliage formed by the crown of trees is called Canopy.  The percentage area of land covered by the canopy of trees is called Canopy density.

Reference:

  • FSI – India State of Forest Report 2019 – Rajasthan | ISFR 2019 Rajasthan – Download PDF 
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