20th Livestock Census 2019

20th Livestock Census 2019

The Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying under Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying attributes critical importance to livestock and to the collection and availability of up-to-date and accurate data related to livestock, as they are the vital component of rural economy. In October 2019, the department released provisional results for 20th Livestock Census 2019.

20th Livestock Census 2019

The Animal Husbandry Departments of States/UTs have been entrusted to conduct the field operations. The 20th Livestock Census was carried out in about 6.6 lakhs villages and 89 thousand urban wards across the country covering more than 27 Crores of Households and NonHouseholds.

Key Results of 20th Livestock Census 2019

  • The total Livestock population is 535.78 million in the country showing an increase of 4.6% over Livestock Census 2012
  • Total Bovine population (Cattle, Buffalo, Mithun and Yak) is 302.79 Million in 2019 which shows an increase of 1.0% over the previous census.
  • The total number of cattle in the country is 192.49 million in 2019 showing an increase of 0.8 % over previous Census.
  • The Female Cattle (Cows population) is 145.12 million, increased by 18.0% over the previous census (2012).
  • The Exotic/Crossbred and Indigenous/Non-descript Cattle population in the country is 50.42 million and 142.11 million respectively.
  • The Indigenous/Non-descript female cattle population has increased by 10% in 2019 as compared to previous census.
  • The population of the total Exotic/Crossbred Cattle has increased by 26.9 % in 2019 as compared to previous census.
  • There is a decline of 6 % in the total Indigenous (both descript and non-descript) Cattle population over the previous census. However, the pace of decline of Indigenous Cattle population during 2012-2019 is much lesser as compared to 2007-12 which was about 9%.
  • The total buffaloes in the country is 109.85 Million showing an increase of about 1.0% over previous Census.
  • The total milch animals (in-milk and dry) in cows and buffaloes is 125.34 Million, an increase of 6.0 % over the previous census.
  • The total sheep in the country is 74.26 Million in 2019, increased by 14.1% over previous Census.
  • The Goat population in the country in 2019 is 148.88 Million showing an increase of 10.1% over the previous census.
  • The total Pigs in the country is 9.06 Million in the current Census, declined by 12.03% over the previous Census.
  • The total Mithun in the country is 3.9 Lakhs in 2019, increased by 30.0% over previous Census.
  • The total Yak in the country is Fifty Eight Thousand in 2019, decreased by 24.67% over previous Census.
  • The total Horses and Ponies in the country is 3.4 Lakhs in 2019, decreased by 45.6% over previous Census.
  • The total population of Mules in the country is Eighty Four Thousand in 2019, decreased by 57.1% over previous Census.
  • The total population of Donkeys in the country is 1.2 Lakhs in 2019, decreased by 61.23% over previous Census.
  • The total Camel population in the country is 2.5 Lakhs in 2019, decreased by 37.1% over previous Census.
  • The total Poultry in the country is 851.81 Million in 2019, increased by 16.8% over previous Census.
  • The total Backyard Poultry in the country is 317.07 Million in 2019, increased by 45.8% over previous Census.
  • The total Commercial Poultry in the country is 534.74 Million in 2019, increased by 4.5% over previous Census.

Distribution of Livestock Population

Distribution of Livestock Population
  • Total Livestock Population has been estimated at: 5,357.8 Lacs.
  • Distribution in 20th Livestock Census:
    • 35.94%-Cattle,
    • 27.80%-Goat,
    • 20.45%-Buffaloes,
    • 13.87%-Sheep,
    • 1.69%-Pigs.
  • Mithun, Yaks, Horses, Ponies, Mules, Donkeys and Camels taken together contribute 0.23% of the total livestock.
  • As compared to previous census the percentage share of sheep and goat population has increased whereas the percentage share of cattle, buffalo and pig has marginally declined.

Livestock Population: States Ranking

S.No.StatesPopulation
(In million) 2019
1Uttar Pradesh67.8
2Rajasthan56.8
3Madhya Pradesh40.6
4West Bengal37.4
5Bihar36.5
6Andhra Pradesh34.0
7Maharashtra33.0
8Telangana32.6
9Karnataka29.0
10Gujarat26.9

Poultry

  • The total poultry has increased by 16.81% and the total poultry is 851.81 million during 2019.
  • Over 45.78% increase in backyard poultry and total backyard poultry is 317.07 Million in 2019.
  • The commercial poultry has increased by 4.5% and the total commercial poultry is 534.74 million.
Poultry Major States:
S.No.StatesPopulation
(In million) 2019
1Tamil Nadu120.8
2Andhra Pradesh107.9
3Telangana80.0
4West Bengal77.3
5Maharashtra74.3
6Karnataka59.5
7Assam46.7
8Haryana46.3
9Kerala29.8
10Odisha27.4

Cattle:

  • Total Cattle Population in the country is 192.49 Million during 2019.
  • Total cattle is increased by 0.8% over previous Livestock Census (2012).
  • Female Cattle Population increased by 18.0% whereas Male cattle decreased by 30.2% over previous census.
  • About 36% of the total livestock is contributed by cattle.
Cattle Population – Major States
S.No.StatesPopulation
(In million) 2019
1West Bengal19.0
2Uttar Pradesh18.8
3Madhya Pradesh18.7
4Bihar15.3
5Maharashtra13.9
6Rajasthan13.9
7Jharkhand11.2
8Assam10.9
9Chhattisgarh10.0
10Odisha9.9

Buffalo

  • Total Buffalo Population in the country is 109.85 Million during 2019.
  • Total Buffalo has increased by 1.1% over previous Livestock Census (2012).
  • Female Buffalo Population increased by 8.61% whereas Male Buffalo is declined by 42.35% over previous census.
  • About 20.5% of the total livestock is contributed by buffaloes.
Buffalo Population Major States:
S.No.StatesPopulation
(In million) 2019
1Uttar Pradesh33.0
2Rajasthan13.7
3Gujarat10.5
4Madhya Pradesh10.3
5Bihar7.7
6Andhra Pradesh6.2
7Maharashtra5.6
8Haryana4.4
9Telangana4.2
10Punjab4.0

Sheep

  • Total Sheep Population in the country is 74.26 Million during 2019.
  • Total Sheep has increased by 14.13% over previous Livestock Census (2012).
  • About 13.8% of the total livestock contributed by Sheep.
Sheep Population – Major States
S.No.States/UTsPopulation
(In million) 2019
1Telangana19.1
2Andhra Pradesh17.6
3Karnataka11.1
4Rajasthan7.9
5Tamil Nadu4.5
6Jammu & Kashmir3.2
7Maharashtra2.7
8Gujarat1.8
9Odisha1.3
10Uttar Pradesh1.0

Goat

  • Total Goat Population in the country is 148.88 Million during 2019.
  • Total Goat has increased by 10.14% over previous Livestock Census (2012).
  • About 27.8% of the total livestock is contributed by goats.
Goat Population – Major States
S.No.StatesPopulation
(In million) 2019
1Rajasthan20.84
2West Bengal16.28
3Uttar Pradesh14.48
4Bihar12.82
5Madhya Pradesh11.06
6Maharashtra10.60
7Tamil Nadu9.89
8Jharkhand9.12
9Odisha6.39
10Karnataka6.17

Pig

  • Total Pig Population in the country is 9.06 Million during 2019.
  • Total Pig Population has decreased by 12.0% over previous Livestock Census (2012).
  • About 1.7% of the total livestock is contributed by pigs.
Pig Population – Major States
S. NoStatesPopulation
(In million) 2019
1Assam2.10
2Jharkhand1.28
3Meghalaya.0.71
4West Bengal0.54
5Chhattisgarh0.53
6Uttar Pradesh0.41
7Nagaland0.40
8Bihar0.34
9Karnataka0.32
10Mizoram.0.29

Camel

  • Total Camel Population in the country is 0.25 Million during 2019.
  • Total Camel Population has decreased by 37.1% over previous Livestock Census (2012).
  • Camel Population – Major States
    1. Rajasthan
    2. Gujarat
    3. Haryana
    4. Uttar Pradesh

Horses, Ponies, Mules & Donkeys

  • Total Population of Horses, Ponies, Mules & Donkeys in the country is 0.55 Million during 2019.
  • Total Population of Horses, Ponies, Mules & Donkeys has decreased by 51.9% over previous Livestock Census (2012).

Mithun

  • Total Population of Mithun in the country is 3.9 Lakhs during 2019.
  • Total Population of Mithun has increased by 30.0% over previous Livestock Census (2012).

Yak

  • Total Population of Yak in the country is 58 Thousands during 2019.
  • Total Population of Yak has decreased by 24.67% over previous Livestock Census (2012).
  • Yak Population Major States:
    1. Jammu & Kashmir
    2. Arunachal Pradesh
    3. Sikkim
    4. Himachal Pradesh
    5. West Bengal

Reference:

  • 20th Livestock Census 2019 – Provisional Key Results – Download PDF
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