Every year, committees in Sweden and Norway name laureates in a variety of Nobel prizes in the sciences, literature and economics, as well as peace work. This articles enlists the 2020 Nobel Prize Winners.
About the Nobel Prize
The Nobel Prize is an international award administered by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden, and based on the fortune of Alfred Nobel, Swedish inventor and entrepreneur. In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank established The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize. Each prize consists of a medal, a personal diploma, and a cash award.
2020 Nobel Prize
|Nobel Prize in Medicine 2020||Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice||The discovery of Hepatitis C virus|
|Nobel Prize in Physics 2020||Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel & Andrea Ghez||The discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity|
|Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020||Emmanuelle Charpentier & Jennifer A. Doudna||The development of a method for genome editing|
|Nobel Prize in Literature 2020||Louise Glück||“for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence|
|Nobel Prize in Peace 2020||World Food Program (WFP)||For its efforts to combat hunger, bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and preventing the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict.|
|Nobel Prize in Economics 2020||Paul Milgrom and Robert Wilson||For improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats.|
Nobel Prize in Medicine 2020
The 2020 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been jointly to Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus.
Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice made seminal discoveries that led to the identification of a novel virus, Hepatitis C virus. Prior to their work, the discovery of the Hepatitis A and B viruses had been critical steps forward, but the majority of blood-borne hepatitis cases remained unexplained. The discovery of Hepatitis C virus revealed the cause of the remaining cases of chronic hepatitis and made possible blood tests and new medicines that have saved millions of lives.
Nobel Prize in Physics 2020
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics 2020 as
One half to Roger Penrose, University of Oxford, UK
“for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity”
and the other half jointly to
Reinhard Genzel, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching, Germany and University of California, Berkeley, USA, and Andrea Ghez, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
“for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy”
Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020 to Emmanuelle Charpentier, Max Planck Unit for the Science of Pathogens, Berlin, Germany and Jennifer A. Doudna, University of California, Berkeley, USA, “for the development of a method for genome editing”.
Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna have discovered one of gene technology’s sharpest tools: the CRISPR/Cas9 genetic scissors. Using these, researchers can change the DNA of animals, plants and microorganisms with extremely high precision. This technology has had a revolutionary impact on the life sciences, is contributing to new cancer therapies and may make the dream of curing inherited diseases come true.
Nobel Prize in Literature 2020
The 2020 Nobel Prize in Literature has been awarded to American poet Louise Gluck for “her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal“.
Nobel Prize in Peace 2020
The 2020 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to the World Food Programme (WFP), a United Nations (UN) agency, for its efforts to combat hunger, bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and preventing the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict
Nobel Prize in Economics 2020
American economists, Paul Milgrom and Robert Wilson have been awarded the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences, 2020 “for improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats.”
- 2020 Nobel Prizes Winners – Source