Wildlife of Rajasthan

Though a large percentage of the total area of Rajasthan is desert and there is little forest cover, Rajasthan has a rich and variety of animal and plant species. This post is collection of information on wildlife of Rajasthan. We shall update important current affairs in the same post.

Wildlife of Rajasthan: The Basics

  •  State Animal of Rajasthan: Camel
    • Why: To prevent slaughter, illegal trade and transportation of Camels, as their numbers are dwindling (decreasing) sharply.
    • Camel Festival: Bikaner 9-10 January.
    • Pushkar Mela: 5-day Camel & Livestock Trading fair.
  • Rajasthan State Bird: Great Indian Bustard
    • Locally called as Godawan
    • Critically endangered (IUCN) and protected in India under Schedule I of wildlife protection act, 1972.
    • 2014 Wildlife Institute of India (WII) survey counted 44 great Indian bustards in Rajasthan and according to 2015, Forest department report it is 13.
    • Currently found only in Rajasthan, Gujarat & Maharashtra.
    • Rajasthan Government has launched Project Great Indian Bustard for Protection of GIB
    • Rajasthan Government allocated 12 Crore and Bank of Japan allocated 3 crores.
    • Under the GIB Project, closures will be made at many places in Khudi Rasla, Pokhran and Shahgarh of Jaislmer district for safe habitat of bird.
    • 2015, Dr. Pramod Patil won green Oscar for efforts in conservation of GIB.

Wildlife of Rajasthan: Current Affairs

  • International Biodiversity Day celebrated on 22nd May.
  • Tiger Conservation: 2015 MoEF report put the number of tigers in Rajasthan at 52.
  • To create awareness about animals and birds, each of the 33 districts of Rajasthan has been represented by an animal mascot. The forest department published news regarding animal mascot in March 2016: Below is the list:
    DISTRICTMascotDISTRICTMacot
    AjmerKharmor birdJhaloreBear
    AlwarSambar deerJhalawarGagroni Parrot
    BanswaraBronze winged Jacana JhunjhunuKala teetar
    BaranIndian Crocodile (Mugger)JodhpurDemoiselle Cranes
    BarmerFoxKarauliGhariyal
    BharatpurSarus CraneKotaMongoose
    BikanerSandgrouseNagaurRajhans
    BhilwaraPeacockPaliPanther
    BundiGolden PheasantPratapgarhFlying Squirrel
    ChittorgarhGosinghaRajsamandWolf
    ChuruBlackbuckSawai MadhopurTiger
    DausaRabbitSikarShahen
    DholpurIndian ScreamerSirohiJungli murgi
    Dungarpurजांघिल (Don't know English name)Sri GangaNagarChinkara
    HanumangarhLittle KingFisherTonkHans
    JaipurCheetal deerUdaipurkabr Bijju
    JaisalmerGreat Indian Bustard- Godawan

Threatened (Endangered) Species of Wildlife of Rajasthan:

S.NO Species Name Districts
1 Tiger Sawai Madhopur, Alwar
2 Leopard All Rajasthan
3 Sloth Bear Sawai Madhopur, Dholpur, Jalore
4 Common Giant Flying Squirrel Sita Mata WLS, Pratapgarh | Fulwari ki Naal WLS, Udaipur
5 Three Striped Palm Squirrel Fulwari ki Naal WLS, Udaipur
6 Smooth Indian Otter Ghana (Bharatpur), Chambal River
7 Chousingha or Four Horned Antelope Kumbhalgarh WLS
8 Mouse Deer Fulwari ki Naal WLS, Udaipur
9 Gangetic Dolphin Chambal River
10 Caracal Sariska NP,Alwar | Ranthambore NP, Sawai madhopur
11 Ratel Sariska NP,Alwar | Ranthambore NP, Sawai madhopur | Pratapgarh
12 Fishing Cat Ghana (Bharatpur)
13 Rusty Spotted Cat Sariska NP, Alwar | Sajjangarh WLS, Udaipur
14 Amur Falcon Mount Abu
15 Brown Cheeked fulvetta Mount Abu
16 Malabar Whistling Thrush Mount Abu
17 Indian Yellow Tit South Rajasthan
18 White Naped Tit Mid & South Rajasthan
19 Orange Headed Thrush South Rajasthan
20 Indian Blackbird South Rajasthan
21 Indian Purple Rumped Sunbird Udaipur, Banswara
22 Black headed Munia Ghana(Bharatpur), Udaipur
23 Green Avadavat Kumbhalgarh, Mount Abu
24 Grey Jungle Fowl Kumbhalgarh, Todagrah-Raoli, Phulwari & Mount Abu WLS
25 Painted Spurfowl Vindhyanchal hills & Sariska
26 Aravalli Red Spurfowl South Rajasthan
27 Siberian Crane Ghana (Bharatpur)
28 Red Whiskered Bulbul Mount Abu
29 Great Indian Bustard National Desert Park, Jaisalmer
30 White Rumped Vulture All Rajasthan
31 Indian Vulture South Rajasthan
32 Red-headed Vulture South-East Rajasthan
33 Slender Racer Snake Udaipur
34 Dumeril’s Black-headed Snake Khumbhalgarh |Udaipur
35 Green Keelback Snake South Rajasthan
36 Isaballine South Rajasthan
37 Ghariyal Chambal River WLS
38 Common Tree Frog Bansi, Sita Mata WLS Pratapgarh
39 Giant Wood Spider Sita Mata WLS, Pratapgarh | Fulwari ki Naal WLS, Udaipur

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