UN holds on declaring Masood Azhar as Terrorist

UNSC 1267 Sanctions Committee has put on hold India’s proposal to declare JeM chief Maulana Masood Azhar as global terrorist. The decision came after China, a veto-member in UNSC 1267 Sanctions Committee, extended its decision to put a “technical hold” on the declaration.

India criticized the complete non-transparent and anonymous manner of designating individuals by the UNSC 1267 Sanctions Committee. It also mentioned that, UN Sanctions Committee has already proscribed Pakistan-based JeM a terrorist organisation. However committee ignored the need to take action against the organization’s main leader, motivator and financier who continues his terrorist actions unhindered.vikas-swarup

The Issue:

  • In March 2016, India petitioned the 1267 Committee of UN to designate Masood Azhar as an international terrorist citing to act against its main leader, financier and motivator of terrorist organization.
  • India had pressed case against Masood in UN following the January 2016 Pathankot attack which it blamed on the outfit JeM.
  • However in March 31, China a veto-wielding permanent member of UNSC had blocked India’s move to put a ban on Azhar Masood under the al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee.
  • The Chinese technical hold had lapsed on October 3, and if China not raised further objection, the resolution designating Azhar as a terrorist would have been passed automatically. But, China on Saturday announced the extension of its “technical hold”.

United Nations Security Council UNSC 1267 Committee

  • The UNSC 1267 Committee was established as result of Resolution 1267 (1999).
  • It is also known as the AlQaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee.
  • It was established for the purpose of overseeing the implementation of sanctions measures imposed on Taliban-controlled Afghanistan for its support of Osama bin Laden.
  • However in course of time, the 1267 sanctions regime has been modified and strengthened by subsequent resolutions.
  • If an individual or terrorist organization is included in this list, it helps in restricting their movement, financial penalties and assets freeze among others.
  • The Committee comprises all 15 members of the UNSC and makes its decision by consensus and secretly.
  • If single member opposes a resolution, there is no consensus. China  used this to oppose India’s bid is not allowing UNSC to designate Masood Azhar as an international terrorist.