Rulers of Rajasthan: Hadoti

Hadoti History: Rulers (1342 -1947)

BUNDI:

  • Bundi was inhabited various local tribes, prominent among them were Parihar meena.
  • Bundi derives its name from such meena tribe leader – Bunda Meena

Rulers:

  • Rao Deva Hada (1342-43)
    • Laid the foundation of hada state of Bundi after taking possession from Jaita Meena.
  • Rao Napuji (1343-84)
  • Rao Hamuli (1384 – 1400).
  • Rao Birsingh (1400 to 1415).
  • Rao Biru (1415 to 1470).
  • Rao Bandu (1470 to 1491).
  • Rao Narayan Das (1491 to 1527).
  • Rao Suraj Mal (1527 to 1531).
  • Rao Surtan Singh (1531 to 1544).
  • Rao Raja Surjan Singh (1544 to 1585)
    • Akbar & Man Singh I – negotiate treaty with Surjan Singh – hence given title of “Rao Raja”
    • Given government of Benares.
  • Rao Raja Bhoj Singh (1585 to 1608).
  • Rao Raja Ratan Singh (1608 to 1632)
    • Ratan Singh & his son Madho Singh – fight war against rebels & win during jehangir reign.
    • Jehangir divides Hadoti to Bundi & kota, giving Kota as separate state to madho Singh
    • Shah Jehan confirmed grant of Kota to Madho Singh.
  • Rao Raja Chhattar Sal Singh (1632 to 1658)
    • Chhatar Singh is made governor of Delhi by Prince Dara Shikoh (the son of Moghul Emperor Shah Jahan), but he dies fighting against Shah Jahan’s successor, Aurangzeb.
  • Rao Raja Bhao Singh (1658 to1682)
    • Fights Aurangzeb and win against Raja Atmaram. Aurangzeb impressed and reconciles with Rajao Bhao making him governor of Aurangabad.
  • Rao Raja Anirudh Singh (1682 to 1696)
  • Rao Raja Budh Singh (1696 to 1735)
    • On Aurangzeb death Budh Singh ji supports Bahadoor Shah Alam, wheras Ram Singh of Kota sides with Prince Azim> Hence, rivalry between Bundi & Kota develops.
  • Rao Raja Dalel Singh (1735 to 1749).
  • Rao Raja Umaid Singh (1749 to 1770) – (1773 -1804).
  • Rao Raja Ajit Singh (1770-1773).
  • Rao Raja Bishen Singh (1804-1821).
  • Maharao Raja Ram Singh Sahib Bahadur (1821-1889)
  • Colonel HH Maharao Raja Shri Sir Raghubir Singh Sahib Bahadur (1889-1927)
    • Supported Britain in WWI
  • Major HH Maharao Raja Shri Sir Iishwari Singh Bahadur (1927-1945).
  • HH Maharao Raja Shri Bahadur Singh Bahadur (1945-77)

 

KOTA:

  • Kota seceded from Bundi in 1631.
  • Between 1707- 1713 it was again reunited with Bundi
  • Kota became British protectorate in 1817.
  • Kota rulers bore the title “Maharao”.

Rulers:

  • Madho Singh
    • 2nd Son of raja rattan Singh of Bundi, who confirmed grant of Kota to Madho Singh & separation, took place.
  • Mukund Singh
  • Jagat Singh
  • Kishore Singh
  • Ram Singh I (1696-1707)
  • United with Bundi (1707-13)
  • Bhim Singh I (1713-20)
  • Arjun Singh (1720-23)
  • Durjan Sal (1723-56)
  • Ajit Singh (b. bf.1756-57)
  • Chhatar Sal Singh I (1757-64)
  • Guman Singh (1764-71)
  • Umaid Singh I (1771-1819)
    • Dewan Zalim Singh – formed state of Jhalawar – 1791
  • Kishor Singh II (1819-28)
  • Ram Singh II (1828-1866)
  • Chhatar Sal Singh II (1866-89)
  • Umaid Singh II (1889-1940)
  • Maharo Bhim Singh II (1940-1947)

 

JHALAWAR:

  • Jhala Zalim Singh , the dewan of Kota, developed Jhalawar (then Chaoni Umedpura ) as cantonment & township, to isolate Kota from Maratha invaders.
  • In 1838, British rulers separated Jhalawar state from Kota state and gave it to Jhala Madan Singh, grandson of Jhala Zalim Singh.

Rulers:

  • Madan Singh (1838–1845)
    • 1st independent ruler of Jhalawar.
  • Pirthi Singh (1845–1875)
  • Bakht or Zalim Singh (1875–1897)
  • HH Sh. Bhawani Singh (1897–1929)
  • HH Sh. Rajendra Singh (1929–1943)
  • HH Sh. Harish Chandra (1943-till merger of Jhalawar State in Rajasthan.)

 


Rajras – a site dedicated to preparation of Rajasthan Administrative Services and Indian Administrative Services. Rajras provides free knowledge/information related to RAS/IAS syllabus, study material & current affairs.