Rulers of Rajasthan: Bikaner

Bikaner History: Rulers (1465 -1947)

  • Bikaner was earlier known as Jangaldesh, and included present day Bikaner, churu, ganganagara and hanumangarh.
  • According to Tod, the area was possessed by 6/7 Cantons of Jats including Sihag, Dhaka, Punia, Godara, Beniwal, Saran, Johiya and Kaswan.
  • Rao Bika(Beeka), the elder son of Rao Jodha, left marwar(jodhpur) to make upon his own kingdom.
  • Rao Bika, used the inter-rivalry existing between the Jat clans to carve out space for his own kingdom.
  • The spot which Rao Bika selected for his capital, was the birthright of a Nera (Naira) Jat, who conceded the right in exchange for his name being part of name. Hence, place was name BIKA-NER.

Rulers:

  • Rao Bika(Beeka) (1465-1504)
    • Founder of kingdom of Bikaner
    • Branch of Rathores – Bika rathores.
    • Married daughter of Bhati (jaisalmer)
  • Rao Naroji (1504-1505)
  • Rao Lunkaran (1505-26)
  • Rao Jait Singh (1526-42)
    • Killed fighting Marwar forces under Rao Maldeo.
  • Rao Kalyan Singh (1542-71)
    • Marwar forces Kalyan Singh to flee but he takes help of Sher Shah Suri and defeats Rao Maldeo
    • Resists attack by Mughal, Akbar till 1570, when Akbar gains submission.
  • Raja Raj(Rae) Singh I (1571-1611)
    • He and Akbar, each married a princess of Jaisalmer.
    • Rai Dalpat Singh Dalip (1612-1613)
    • Rai Surat Singh Bhuratiya (1613-1631)
    • Rao Karan Singh Jangalpat Badhshah (1631-1667)
    • Deposed by Aurangzeb
  • Maharaja Rao Anup Singh (1669-1698)
    • 1st to be granted the title ‘Maharaja’ by Aurangzeb
    • Served in the Deccan campaign at Salher in 1672, Bijapur in 1675, and the siege of Golconda in 1687.
    • He was administrator of Aurangabad 1677-1678
  • Maharaja Rao Sarup Singh (1698-1700)
  • Maharaja Rao Sujan Singh (1700-1735)
  • Maharaja Rao Zorawar Singh (1735-1746)
  • Maharaja Rao Gaj Singh (1746-1787)
    • First of his line granted permission to mint his own coinage by Emperor Alamgir II
  • Maharaja Rao Rai Singh II Raj Singh (1787-1787)
  • Maharaja Rao Surat Singh (1787-1828)
    • Entered the protection of the East India Company with asubsidiary alliance in 1818.
  • Maharaja Rao Ratan Singh (1828-51)
  • Maharaja Rao Sardar Singh (1851-72)
    • Provided support to British against Indian mutiny of 1857
  • Maharaja Rao Dungar Singh (1872-1887)
    • First to introduce electricity to Rajasthan.
    • He also sets up a police force, a hospital and a modern administrative system.
  • Maharaja Sir Rao Ganga Singh (1887-1943) 
    • 1st World war in France & Flanders 1914-15
    • Signed the Treaty of Versailles on behalf of India on 28 June 1919
  • Maharaja Sir Rao Sadul Singh (1943-1950)
    • Signed the instrument of accession to the Dominion of India on 7 August 1947.
    • Merged his state into the present state of Rajasthan, India on 30 March 1949.

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