Rajasthani Painting

Rajput School of Painting or Rajasthani Painting

  • Rajasthani Painting Themes – events of epics like the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, Krishna’s life, beautiful landscapes, and humans
  • Precious stones, Gold and silver were used
  • Mughal Influence
  • Dominance of Chaurapanchasika group style in Indian Rajasthani Paintings

Starting from the 16th century, when the Rajput Painting originated, numerous schools emerged, including:

Mewar School Chavand, Nathdwara, Devgarh, Udaipur and Sawar
Marwar school the Kishangarh, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Nagaur, Pali and Ghanerao styles
Hadoti school Kota, Bundi and Jhalawar styles
Dhundar school Amber, Jaipur, Shekhawati and Uniara styles
Pahari school Himachal (kangra & Kullu) & Jammu and Kashmir

Rajasthani Painting: MEWARa1

  • Drawing is bold and the colours are bright and contrasting.
  • Text of the painting is written in black on the top against the yellow ground.

Rajasthani Painting: BUNDI

  • a2Very close to the Mewar style
  • rich and glowing colours, the rising sun in golden colour, crimson-red horizon, overlapping and semi-naturalistic trees
  • Mughal influence is visible in the refined drawing of the faces.

Rajasthani Painting: KOTAHa4

  • Very much akin to the Bundi style
  • Themes of tiger and bear hunt were very popular at Kotah.
  • most of the space is occupied by the hilly jungle which has been rendered with a unique charm.

Rajasthani Painting: AMBER – JAIPURa5

  • This school of painting originated at Amber but later shifted to Jaipur, the new capital.
  • There is a fairly large number of portraits of the Jaipur rulers

Rajasthani Painting:  MARWAR

  • a6Executed in a primitive and vigorous folk style
  • completely uninfluenced by the Mughal style.
  • A large number of miniatures comprising portraits, court scenes, series of the Ragamala and the Baramasa, etc. were executed from the 17th to 19th centuries at several centres of painting like Pali, Jodhpur and Nagour etc. in Marwar.

Rajasthani Painting:  BIKANERa7

  • Bikaner had close relations with the Mughals.
  • Some of the Mughal artists were given patronage by the Bikaner court
  • responsible for the introduction of a new style of painting having much similarity with the Mughal and the Deccani styles.

Rajasthani Painting: KISHENGARHa8

  • developed under the patronage of Raja Savant Singh (1748-1757 A.D.), who wrote devotional poetry in praise of Krishna
  • master painter Nihal Chand who, in his works, has been able to create visual images of his master’s lyrical compositions