Major Associations of Political Awareness

The second half of the 19th century witnessed the growth of national political consciousness and organised national movement. During this period the Indian intelligentsia created political associations to spread political education and to initiate political work in the country. In 1885, the efforts consolidated in form of Indian National Congress, which later became the spearhead of Independence movement of India.

In princely states, the people  in face of strong repression adopted novel methods of organising public opinion by establishing reading rooms, libraries, self-help centres and welfare societies (Hitkarni Sabhas).  These were political forums and raised the demand of democratization in their respective states. Later on a centralised organisation by the name, India Peoples‟ State Conference was formed to make a coordinated effort to demand responsive governments in the princely states.

Major Organisations & Associations for Political Awareness in Rajasthan before Independence:

Summary Sheet

S.NO Year Est. Name of Association Important Facts
1 1883 Sampa Sabha (Sirohi)
  • Founder: Govind Giri
2 1883 Paropkarini Sabha, Udaipur
3 1907 Jain Vardhman Vidhyalaya
  • Founder: Arjunlal Sethi
4 1910 Veer Bharat Sabha
  • Founder: Kesri Singh Barhath
5 Veer Bharat Samaj
6 1914 Sarvahitkarini Sabha, (Bikaner, Churu)
  • Founder: Swami Gopaldas
7 1917 Uparmal Kisan Panchayat
  • Founder: Vijay Singh Pathik
8 1918 Marwar Hitkarini Sabha (Jodhpur )
  • Founder: Chandmal Surana
  • In 1923 – Jainarayan Vyas – reconstituted it.
9 1920 Marwar Sewa Sangh
  • Founder: Durgashankar (President) & Prayagraj Bhandari (Minister)
10 1919 Rajputana Madhya Bharat Sabha
  • Founded in Delhi by efforts of Jamnalal Bajaj, Ganesh Shankar Viyarthi, Vijay Singh Pathik.
  • First session – Marwari Library, Chandni Chowk, Delhi
  • Head Office: Ajmer
  • 3rd Session in 1920 held at Ajmer – President Jamnalal Bajaj.
11 1919 Rajasthan Sewa Sangh, Wardha
  • Efforts of Vijay Singh Pathik, Arjunlal Sethi, Jamnalal Bajaj, Kesri Singh Barhath, Haribhai Kinkar & Ramnarayan Choudhary.
  • 1921 – Pathik est. HQ at Ajmer.
12 1922 Amar Sewa Samiti, Chidawa (Khetri)
  • Founder: Pyarelal Gupta
13 1915 Pratap Sabha, Udaipur
  • Efforts of Balwant Singh Mehta
14 1915 Vidya Pracharini Sabha, Bijolia
  • Founder: Vijay Singh Pathik
15 1927 Charkha Sangh, Jaipur
  • Jamnalal Bajaj
16 1931 Marwar Youth League
  • Manmal Jain
17 1936 Banwasi Sangh
  • Motilal Tejawat
18 1937 Bharatpur Congress Mandal
  • Jagannath Kakkar
19 1942 Azad Morcha, Jaipur
  •  Baba Harishchandra
20 1937 Rajasthan Harijan Sewa Sangh
  • President: Ghansyamdas Birla
  • Rajputana Branch Head: Haryilas Sharda
  • Sewa Ashram, Nareli Village,Ajmer – est. by Manikyalal Verma
21 1928 Rajputana Deshi Parishad
  • Vijay Singh Pathik, Kesari Singh Barhath, Ramnarayan Choudhary & Damodar lal Rathi.
  • First President: Amritlal Seth