Lok Devtas and Saints of Rajasthan

Introduction:

With start of medieval period, Hinduism started facing both internal and external threat. Internal threat came from short-comings of hindu religion like rigidity of caste system etc and external challenge came from the introduction of new religion of Islam.

The age saw development of a new path of Bhakti which was built on rooting out evils of hindu religion and promoting harmony. The path of Bhakti grew as movement and spread across the country.

Saints of Rajasthan

In Rajasthan, the emergence of saint bhakts was witnessed from 16th century to end of 18 century.

A. Bhakti Saints of Rajasthan

  • Dadu Dayal
  • Mira Bai
  • Sundar das
  • Rajjab
  • Bhakhan
  • Wajind
  • Raghavdas
  • Lal Das
  • Charan Das
  • Mavaji

B. Warrior Saints of Rajasthan (Folk Gods) 

Rajasthan has a strong tradition of venerating righteous warriors as deities. Legends and anecdotes relate folk deities with supernatural power impressing & evoking faith and beliefs of people in these local deities.  This post is an attempt to consolidate information of such folk deities (Lok Devtas and Devis) into single piece.

Panchpir: Of the numerous lok devtas and devis, the five greatest are worhsipped throughout the Rajasthan, these are –  Goga Ji, Ramdevji, Pabuji , Mehaji and Harbuji. (Note: Vir Tejaji is not part of this)


Religious Cults of Rajasthan

A religious cult is a social group defined by its religious beliefs and practises. There are multiple religious cults flourishing in Rajasthan each based on its particular ideals & teachings given by their saint. Few important religious cults are:

  • Vaishnav Cult
  • Jasnathi Cult
  • Bishnoi Cult
  • Dadu Cult
  • Ramsnehi Cult
  • Nath Cult
  • Gaudiya Cult
  • Nimbark Cult
  • Ramanuj Cult
  • Vallabh Cult
  • Shaiva Cult
  • Kabir Panthi Cult
  • Shakt Cult
  • Laldaasi Cult
  • Parnami Cult

 


Lok Devta of Rajasthan

  • Goga Ji
  • Ramdev ji
  • Pabu Ji
  • Meha Ji
  • Harbuji
  • Dev Narayan

Lok Devis of Rajasthan (Folk Godesses)

Like Lok Devta, Lok Devis are also worshipped in Rajasthan with equal devotion. In Rajasthan, several communities like rajputs worship their particular goddess as kuldevi, some communities worship tree as kuldevi.

  • Kaila Devi
  • Shila Devi
  • Karni Mata
  • Sheetla Mata – Hindu Goddess of Epidemic Diseases
  • Chauth Mata
  • Kaila Devi, Karauli
  • Jeen Mata
  • Nandani Mata
  • Bhuwal Mata
  • Mahamayas
  • Kuldevis