Important International Summits

Important International Summits

Summits Comment
BRICS Summit Countries (5)- Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa

  • 8th BRICS Summit 2016 – Benaulim, Goa, India
East Asia Summit (EAS)
  • The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a forum held annually in Starting 16 countries in the East Asian, Southeast Asian and South Asian regions.
  • Membership expanded to 18 countries including the United States and Russia at the Sixth EAS in 2011.
  • EAS meetings are held after annual ASEAN leaders’ meetings.
  • The first summit was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 14 December 2005.
  • 11th East Asia Summit 2016 – Vientiane, Laos
APEC Summits (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation)
  • Total Countries– 21
  • HQ– Singapore
  • 28th APEC Summit 2016 – Peru, Lima
  • 29th APEC Summit 2017 – Vietnam, Hanoi
SAARC Summit (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation)
  • HQ– Nepal
  • Secretary General– Arjun Bahadur Thapa
  • Indian Representative at SAARC– Lakshmi Savithri
  • Countries (8)– Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
  • 19th SAARC Summit 2016 – Islamabad, Pakistan
  • 20th SAARC Summit 2018- Bangaluru – India 
ASEAN Summits (Association of South East Asian Nation)
  • HQ- Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Total Countries– 10
  • Secretary General– Le Luong Minh (Vietnam)
  • INDIA IS NOT IN ASEAN COUNTRIES.
  • 28th ASEAN Summit 2016 ( April ) – Vientiane – Laos
  • 29th ASEAN Summit 2016 ( November )-Vientiane- Laos
IBSA Summits (2003) IBSA Dialogue Forum – India, Brazil, South Africa.

  • 7th IBSA Summit 2015 – New Delhi, India
BIMSTEC Summits (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multisectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation)
  • The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is an international organisation involving a group of countries in South Asia and South East Asia.
  • These are: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal.
  • 4th BIMSTEC Summit 2015 – Nepal
G-7 Annual Summits (Earlier it was G8, Now Russia suspended Temporarily) Group of Seven Countries – France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, United States of America, Canada.

  • 42nd G8 Summit 2016 – Shima, Japan
  • 43rd G8 Summit 2017 – Italy
G-20 Summit The Group of Twenty Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors is a group of finance ministers and central bank governors from 20 major economies: 19 countries plus the European Union, which is represented by the President of the European Council and by the European Central Bank.

Chairperson- Tony Abbott, Total Countries- 20 Countries= BRICS + G7 + Argentina, Australia, Indonesia, Mexico, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Turkey

  • 11th G 20 Meeting 2016 – Hangzhou, China
  • 12th G 20 Meeting 2017 – Germany
  • 13th G 20 Meeting 2018 – India
OPEC International Seminar
  •  OPEC – Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
  • 6th International OPEC – Veinna , Austria
NATO 
  • NATO – North Atlantic treaty Organization
  • HQ- Brussels ,Belgium
  • Members -28
  • Secretary General – Jens Stoltenberg
  • NATO Summit 2016 – Warsaw, Poland
Earth Hour 
  • Global earth hour 2016- Australia
NAM Summit 2016 NAM Summit Full Form – Non Allied Moment

  • It has 120+2 (Two nations namely Azerbaijan Republic and Fiji) members.
  • 17th NAM summit 2016 was held in Caracas, Venezuela .
  • This Time Vice president Of India Hamid Ansari represented India In NAM 2016
CHOGM Summit
  • CHOGM Full Form – CommonWealth Heads of Government Meeting
  • Held After Gap of Every Two years
  • Next CHOGM Will held In Britain 2018
  • In 2015 CHOGM Meeting Was held In – Malta

Regional Connectivity in South-East Asia:

Connectivity:IMT

  1. IMT Trilateral Highway
  • India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway
  • B/w Moreh (India) to Mae Sot (Thailand)
  • Possible extensions to Laos and Vietnam

 

  1. Mekong Ganga Economic Corridor
  • Chennai (India) – Dawei (Myanmar) – Bangkok (Thailand). (sea/land corridor)
  • Involves India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam

 

  1. Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport FacilityKaladan
  • Haldia/Kolkata Port=> Sittwe Port (Myanmar) => Kaladan River=> Road transport to Mizoram.

 

 

 

  1. BCIM corridor
  • Connect Kunming (SW China)– Mandalay (Myanmar) –Dhaka|Chittagong (Bangladesh) – Kolkata (India)

BCIM

Andaman Nicobar islands.
  • Development to Trans-shipment hub.
ASEAN Master Plan for Connectivity
  • To help the “ASEAN community” [Similar to European Union. will be setup in 2015.]

 

New Maritime Silk Road

The Maritime Silk Road refers to revival of the route from ports in south China, to the Southeast Asia, India, Arabia.

Objectives

  1. Connect 12 inland Chinese regions with 14 neighbouring countries. (revive ancient silk road)
  2. Get new export markets
  3. Secure lanes to import raw material.
  4. Counter the influence of USA (TPP) and Russia

Implementation:

  1. Develop port cities along the silk route
    1. above the wind region: Indian Ocean
    2. Below the wind region: Malacca, South China Sea, Java Sea and Far East.
  2. Via these port cities, link Asia and Africa with Chinese hinterland.

This will be implemented via 2 (Concensus) +7 (Proposals) cooperation framework