Gurjara Empire and Pratihara of Mandore

Gurjara Kingdom

From 550 to 1018 AD, the Gurjars played a great part in history of Northern India nearly for 500 years. The Gurjara-Pratihara King Nagabhatt I won Kannuaj and established rule over most of Rajasthan. The capital of their Kingdom was shreemal, which is old name of Bhinmal in Jalore.

Image Credits: Wikipedia Commons
Image Credits: Wikipedia Commons

Pratihara’s of Mandore

Mandore is an ancient town, and was the seat of the Pratiharas of Mandavyapura, who ruled the region in the 6th century CE. The origin of the dynasty is described in two inscriptions: the 837 CE Jodhpur inscription of Bauka and the 861 CE Ghantiyala (or Ghatiyala) inscription of Kakkuka.

Raja Harishchandra Pratihara is described as the founder of the clan. He had four sons: Bhogabhatta, Kakka, Rajjila and Dadda. Nagabhata, fourth in line from Harichandra, moved his capital from Mandavyapura to Medantaka (modern Merta).

Rudolf Hoernlé assumed a period of 20 years for each generation, and placed the dynasty’s founder Harichandra in c. 640 CE. Baij Nath Puri placed Harichandra in c. 600 CE. R. C. Majumdar, on the other hand, assumed a period of 25 years for each generation, and placed him in c. 550 CE. The following is a list of the dynasty’s rulers and estimates of their reigns, assuming a period of 25 years:

  • Harichandra alias Rohilladhi (c. 550 CE)
  • Rajilla (c. 575 CE)
  • Narabhatta alias Pellapelli (c. 600 CE)
  • Nagabhata alias Nahada (c. 625 CE)
  • Tata and Bhoja (c. 650 CE)
  • Yashovardhana (c. 675 CE)
  • Chanduka (c. 700 CE)
  • Shiluka alias Silluka (c. 725 CE)
  • Jhota (c. 750 CE)
  • Bhilladitya alias Bhilluka (c. 775 CE)
  • Kakka (c. 800 CE)
  • Bauka (c. 825 CE)
  • Kakkuka (c. 861 CE)

After the disintegration of the Gurjara-Pratihara empire, one branch of Pratiharas continued to rule at Mandore. In 1395 CE, a princess of this branch married Rao Chunda of Rathore clan. As a result, Rao Chunda received the Junagarh fort in Mandore in dowry, and moved his capital to the site. The town remained the Rathore capital until 1459 CE, when Rao Jodha shifted his capital to the newly founded city of Jodhpur.