Gambhir-Utangan River: Origin, Tributaries, Basin, Dam and Concerns

Gambhir river Karauli

Gambhir River

Gambhir river also referred to as Utangan River is a river that originates in the hills near Hindaun in Karauli, Rajasthan and flows around Hindaun City. The river supplies water for Keoladev Ghana Bird Century in Bharatpur, Rajasthan. Gambhir is a seasonal river but becomes perennial after its confluence with the Parbati, outside Dhoulpur District.

Gambhir River Summary Sheet

Origin In the hills near Hindaun in Karauli, Rajasthan
Length 288 Kms in Rajasthan
Discharge Yamuna
States & Major Cities Rajasthan: Hindaun in Karauli, Bayana city in Bharatpur
Tributaries Sesa, Kher and Parbati.
Major Dams Panchana Dam

Gambhir River Course:

The river originates in the hills near Hindaun in Karauli, Rajasthan. It flows in south to north direction up to Kanjoli village (Toda Bhim), then turns northeast up to village Mertha and enters into Uttar Pradesh. The river again enters Rajasthan near Catchapaura village in Dholpur and subsequently forms the boundary between Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. It then enters Mainpuri District in UP to finally joins Yamuna river.

Gambhir River Basin:

Gambhir or Utangan River Basin is located in northeastern part of Rajasthan. It is bounded by the Banganga river basin in the north, Banas river basin in the south west, Chambal and Parbati in the southeast; Uttar Pradesh state constitutes part of the boundary in the northeast. The Basin extends over parts of Bharatpur, Dausa, Dhaulpur, Karauli and Sawai Madhopur Districts. It is a small river basin and its approximate total catchment area is 4,316 square km.

Gambhir River Tributaries:

Important tributaries of the river are Sesa, Kher and Parbati (Different from Parbati, tributary of Kali Sindh).

Parbati River:

  • Parbati River rises in hilly terrain near Chhawar village in the Sawai Madhopur. It runs for 123 km and falls into the Gambhir River near Kharagpur in Dholpur, Rajasthan.

Important Dams:

Panchana Dam:

  • The Panchana Dam is situated at Gambhir river, near Karauli district (a tributary of Yamuna). The dam is situated at 12 km north to Karauli in the eastern part of Rajasthan. It is an important man-made wetland system, formed by the confluence of five rivers, named Barkhera, Bhadrawati, Attaki, Bhansawat and Manchi.