Ancient History of Rajasthan: PDF

Ancient History of Rajasthan PDF  Price: 29 Buy Now You can download Ancient History of Rajasthan PDF (English) for RAS Mains Important Note to Aspirants: The book covers topics in a sequential manner regarding ancient history of Rajasthan i.e. from as early as 5,00,000 BC to 1200 AD. Contents of the eBook / PDF of Ancient History of Rajasthan: Palaeolithic-Old Stone Age in Rajasthan Mesolithic-Middle Stone Age in Rajasthan Neolithic Age in Rajasthan Continue Reading

Rajasthan During Mahajanpada Period

Mahajanpada Period (600 BCE -300 BCE) The end of Vedic India is marked by linguistic, cultural and political changes. By the 6th century BCE, the political units consolidated into large kingdoms called Mahajanapadas. The age is also referred to as period of second urbanization. The term “Janapada” literally means the foothold of a tribe, in Pāṇini’s “Ashtadhyayi”, Janapada stands for country. The Pre-Buddhist north-west region of the Indian sub-continent was divided into Continue Reading

Vedic Age in India

The cities of the Harappan Culture had declined by 1500 B.C. Around this period, the speakers of Indo-Aryan language, Sanskrit, entered the north-west India from the Indo-Iranian region. Initially they would have come in small numbers through the passes in the northwestern mountains. Their initial settlements were in the valleys of the north-west and the plains of the Punjab. Later, they moved into Indo-Gangetic plains. As they were mainly a cattle-keeping Continue Reading

Mesolithic-Middle Stone Age in Rajasthan

The last stage of Old Stone age or Palaeolithic Age was followed by Mesolithic or Middle Stone Age in Rajasthan ( in India). The transition from the Palaeolithic period to Mesolithic period is marked by transition from Pleistocene period(2.58 million years ago – 10,000BC) to Holocene (10,000 BC – till now) and favorable changes in the climate. The climate became warmer and humid and there was expansion of flora and fauna Continue Reading

Palaeolithic-Old Stone age in Rajasthan

Man is said to have appeared in the early Pleistocene in Africa about 3 million ( 30 lakh) years ago. In India, based on recent evidence, man is said to have appeared 1.4 million (14 lakh) years back at Bori, Maharashtra. This man had no knowledge of cultivation and house building till 9000 years B.C. From there first appearance  to beginning of 3000 BC man used tools & implements only made up of stone and Continue Reading

Ganeshwar: Archaeological Site of Rajasthan

Ganeshwar (Sikar) Ganeshwar is a village in Neem Ka Thana Tehsil in the Sikar District. Excavations have revealed ancient sites, with remains of a 4000 years old civilization. The site is located at source of river Kantali, which used to join river Drishadvati, near Soni-Bhadra on the north. Historian Ratan Lal Mishra wrote that,  Red pottery with black portraiture was found which is estimated to be belonging to 2500–2000 BC was Continue Reading

OCP Culture of Rajasthan

OCP Culture of Rajasthan The Ochre Colored Pottery or OCP culture is defined by the type of similar Ochre Pottery found at different sites. In 1951, B.B. Lal carried out small digs at Bisauli and Rajpur Parsu villages in Bijnor district of Uttar Pradesh at spots where copper hoards had reportedly been discovered earlier. While B.B. Lal did not find any new copper objects, he came across weathered ochre-coloured pottery (OCP), and Continue Reading

Ahar-Banas Culture of Rajasthan

A number of Chalcolithic cultures have been discovered in northern, central and western India. These included: The Ochre-Coloured Pottery (OCP) culture in the Punjab, Haryana, north-east Rajasthan and upper Ganga-Yamuna doab. The Narhan culture and its variants in the northern Vindhyas and the middle and lower Ganga valley. The Ahar culture in the Mewar region of Rajasthan. The Kayatha and Malwa cultures in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh. The Continue Reading

Balathal: Archaeological Site of Ahar-Banas Culture

Balathal (Udaipur) Balathal is an archaeological site of Ahar-Banas Culture located in Vallabhnagar tehsil of Udaipur district of Rajasthan. It is located on banks of Katar river. The site was discovered by V. N. Misra during a survey in 1962-63. This ancient site was occupied during two cultural periods: the Chalcolithic and the Early Historic. Excavation at Balathal revealed a Chalcolithic period stretching from 3000 to 1500 BC and an Early Historic Continue Reading

Gilund: Archaeological Sites of Rajasthan

Gilund (Rajsamand) Gilund is an archaeological site in Rajsamand district. There are three major rivers in the area which include the Kothari, Banas, and Berach. Excavation carried out at the site during 1959-60 by B.B.Lal revealed two mounds labelled as ‘eastern’ and ‘western’ mounds. The site is part of Ahar-Banas chalcolithic culture. Features of Ahar-Banas Culture at Gilund: Gilund was occupied from approximately 3000-1700 BCE. These years of occupation can be Continue Reading

Indus Valley Civilization

Indus Valley Civilization Indus Valley Civilization existed between 3300-1600 BC in three phases namely early, mature and late phases. It was discovered in 1921 and belonged to Bronze Age. Indus Valley Civilization was located on the banks of the river Indus, particularly at the bends that provided water, easy means of transportation of produce and other goods and also some protection by way of natural barriers of the river. Sites Continue Reading