Black Money, Shadow Economy and Informal Economy: Concept & differences


Following the demonetization of old 1000 & 500 rupee notes, black money, black economy and other relative terms have been making daily appearance in the news rooms and paper. Hence, it becomes quintessential to understand these concepts, why they matter and their inter-relationships. Black Money: Black money refers to funds that have been: 1.  Earned through without paying due taxes Black money refers to funds that have been earned without paying Continue Reading

System of Governance in India


To understand the system of governance in India is simple terms, we shall start by dividing Governance in three parts – What to Govern – Areas/ Sectors How to Govern – Rules/Acts/Policies/Schemes Who Governs – Departments/authorities   What to Govern: Areas/Sectors The system of governance in India is a unique mix of both unitary ( all powers with centre) and federal (all powers with state) system. To simplify the areas Continue Reading

How US President Elections Happen


US election is followed by people from around the world but the process of selection of US President is a bit difficult to follow. The below article compares India’s Political System with that of USA and tries to simplify the process of election of US President. Difference between India’s & United States Political System: There are 3 parts of modern State – The Legislature (makes laws/rules), the judiciary, and the Continue Reading

Cyber Security in India


Recently, SBI bank advised its customers to use the bank’s own ATM network after the security breach of around six lakh debit cards issued by the bank. Further, reports say that around 32 lakhs debit cards belonging to major banks have been compromised in India. Cyber crimes are increasing in India elsewhere, it is time too look at India’s cyber security infrastructure and cyber security agencies.   What is Cyberspace? Cyberspace Continue Reading

Uniform Civil Code: Definition, debate, way-forward


Yesterday, The All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB), along with several other organizations associated with the Muslim community, opposed the Law Commission’s questionnaire on the possibility of a Uniform Civil Code (UCC). There has been much debate in recent times on this topic of Uniform Civil Code. The article explore’s the topic in detail consolidating history of topic with the recent news. Structure of Laws in India: Before going to Continue Reading

Indus Water Treaty


Over the past week, Indus Water Treaty has been in NEWS. This is a detailed article on the same. Indus Water Treaty: The Background At the time of independence, the boundary line between Pakistan and India was drawn across the Indus Basin, leaving Pakistan as the lower riparian meaning water from Indus & tributaries flowed from India to Pakistan. Moreover, two important irrigation head works, one at Madhopur on Ravi River and the other at Ferozepur on Sutlej River, on which Continue Reading

Payment Banks


In a bid to promote financial inclusion the Union government has come up with ideas like Payment Banks & Small Banks. The RBI has recently granted ‘in principle’ approval for payment banks to 11 entities, including big names like Reliance Industries, Aditya Birla Nuvo and Tech Mahindra, as also Airtel and Vodafone. What is Payment Bank? Payment Banks are banks that will undertake only certain restricted banking functions that the Banking Regulation Continue Reading

Kaveri/Cauvery: Water Issue


About Kaveri/Cauvery River: Kaveri river origins at Talakaveri, Kodagu in Karnataka and flows generally south and east through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and across the southern Deccan plateau through the southeastern lowlands, emptying into the Bay of Bengal through two principal mouths in Poompuhar, Tamilnadu. Rising in southwestern Karnataka, it flows southeast some 800 kilometers to fall into the Bay of Bengal. After the river leaves the Kodagu hills and flows onto the Deccan Continue Reading

Diseases: Cause, Carriers & Vaccines

A Snapshot of different diseases, their causes, the vectors who transmit these diseases and vaccines available against them. Disease declared eradicated from country: Small Pox Guinea Worm Diseases in Detail Swine Flu: Swine influenza, also called pig influenza, swine flu, hog flu and pig flu, is an infection caused by any one of several types of swine influenza viruses. Swine influenza virus (SIV) or swine-origin influenza virus (S-OIV) is any Continue Reading

Persons on Important Posts


 RAJASTHAN S.No Post ( Rajasthan) First Current Rajasthan 1 Chief Justice of Rajasthan Sir Sarat Kumar Ghosh (1949) Naveen Sinha 2 Chief Electoral Officer of Rajasthan Rajesh Yadav, IAS 3 State Election Commissioner of Rajasthan Ram Lubhaya 4 Chief Information Commissioner (CIC) Suresh Chaudhary 5 RPSC Chairman LALIT K. PANWAR 6 Financial Commssion Chairman Dr. Jyoti Kiran (5th) 7 Advocate General of Rajasthan G.C. Kasliwal NARPAT MAL LODHA 8 Lokayukta of Continue Reading