Barmer: History, Geography, Places

Location, Area & Administration

Barmer district is located between 24,58′ to 26, 32’N Latitudes and 70, 05′ to 72, 52′ E Longitudes. Barmer is located in western Rajasthan, with Jaisalmer to its North, Jalore on its South, Pali and Jodhpur to its East and Pakistan to its West.

The total area of the district is 28,387 square kilometres.barmer

Administratively, Barmer is divided into 14 tehsils namely Barmer, Baitu, Chohtan, Dhorimanna, Gida, Gadraroad, Gudhamalani, Ramsar, Samdhari, Sedwa, Shiv, Sindhari, Siwana and Panchpadra.

History of Barmer:

The Name:

In earlier times, the area was known by the name “Mallinath” (मल्लिनाथ) after Mallinath, the son of Rao Salkha. Mallinath is considered a God and still worshiped by Rajputs. The area around the “Luni” river was called “Malani” or “मलानी”, derived from the name Mallinath.

In the 18th century, British rulers adopted the name Barmer or Balmer . The name Barmer is derived from the name of the earlier 13th century ruler Bahada Rao Parmar (Panwar) or Bar Rao Parmar (Panwar), it was named Bahadamer (“The Hill Fort of Bahada”).

Rulers of Barmer

  • Rao Salkha
    • Rao of Kher
  • Rawal Mallinath
    • Founder of Mahecha Clan ( a Rathore Sub-clan)
  • Rawal Jagmal
    • Rao of Malani
  • Rawat Lunka
    • He attacked Juna with help of his elder brother Rawal Mandalak which was under Chauhan ruller Mudha ji and made his capital, his descendents are known as Barmera’s.
  • Rawat Shekha
  • Rawat Jaita
  • Rawat Ratoji
  • Rawat Bhima
    • Founder of present Barmer city
  • Rawat Kalyanmal
  • Rawat Duda ji
  • Rawat Ram Singh
  • Rawat Tezpal Singh
  • Rawat Bharo ji
    • Rao Bhara Ji divided the territory of Barmer equally among his five sons namely Sahiba Ji, Kishan Dass Ji, Lal Singh Ji, Kheenva Ji and Pabba Ji.
  • Rawat Lal Singh ji
  • Rawat Man Singh
  • Rawat Dal Singh
  • Rawat Bhabhut Singh
  • Rawat Panney Singh
  • Rawat Bakidas
  • Rawat Jawahar Singh
  • Rawat Heera Singh
  • Rawat Ratan Singh
  • Rawat Ummed Singh
    • Ex-Member of the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly from Barmer between 1962–1967, and the Sheo constituency in 1985-1990.
  • Rawat Tribhuvan Singh
    • He is the current heir of Barmer Gaddi, he was adopted in year 2009 by Late Rawat Umed Singh Ji Rathore’s wife Rani Sampat Kanwar (daughter of Thikana Mahansar, Shekhawati).

Historical Places of Barmer

Siwana Fort:siwana

Siwana Fort was constructed in 10th century by Narayan Panwar. In local language its name is Gadh Siwana. After the battle of Giri Summel Rao Maldeo took refuge in this fort from Sher Shah. During 1308-09 under reign of Sataldev, the fort was attacked by Allaudin Khilji which resulted in first Jauhar/Saka. In 1597, Akbar with Motaraja Udai Singh attacked Siwana fort at the time of Kalyanmal which resulted in 2nd Jauhar.

Kiradu Temple

Kiradu TempleKeradu Temple might have been constructed before the 6th century at the time of “Parmar” Dynasty. There are five temples in all and most remarkable of them is Someshvara Temple .These temples feature impressive sculpture and a Solanki style of architecture. There are 4-5 Big Temple structure of Golden colour and a Sun Temple. The temple is well entitled as “Khajuraoh of Rajasthan”. The design of the temple are identicle to the Khajuraoh Temple and Sun Temple at Orrisa. The temple is ruin and with lack of images of God and Goddess. The Keradu was earlier Headquarter of Barmer and it was attacked by Mohammad Gauri in 1140AD who had destroyed the temple structure and its images.

Vankal Mata Temple

Vankal Mata Temple is situated at the west end of the city on a 675 feet high hill, the ancient citadel of the 16th century ( fortress ), which was called Barmer citadel , whose remains still exist.

Shri Parshwanath Jain Temple

Shri Parshwanath Jain temple was originally a temple of Mahavira. This temple was renovated in the fifteenth century. 120 idols were brought here from Kalidrah and this beautiful and miraculous idol was installed here as Mulnayak (main idol of the temple) in the year 1429 of the Vikram era (1373 AD). It is among the hills in the distant forest at a distance of 13 kilometers from Balotra.

Raniyadehipura

Raniyadeshpura is a small is located near Kalyanpur town {N.H.112} known for Rokaidya Hanumanji temple, Bherunathji temple, vera wala, & Thakur ji temple

Fairs & Festivals of Barmer

Barmer Thar Festivalthar-festival  

In 1986, District administration in collaboration with the Tourism Department started the festival as a practice to enhance tourism potential and to maintain archeological, historical, religious places. The purpose of the festival is to showcase Barmer handicraft industry at international level. The event runs for three days and its programmes includes folk dances, classical performances, folk-music concerts and craft exhibition for tourist and local audiences as well.

Barmer Cattle Fair:

A Cattle fair is held every year at Tilwara village situated on the banks of the Luni river. The fair goes on for a fortnight in the months of March and April.

Folk Culture of Barmer:

Barmer is known for its folk music and dance. The Bhopas (priest singers) who compose music in honour of the deities of the region and its war heroes, are found in Barmer. The other folk musicians come from a community called the Muslim Dholis (drummers). Langas and Manganiars are the some of these communities.

Geography of Barmer

Barmer is located in the western part of the state forming a part of the Thar Desert and has arid, semi-arid type of climate. The longest river in the district is the Luni. It is 480 km in length and drain into the Gulf of Kutch passing through Jalore.

Natural Places of Barmer

Desert National Park

Most of the desert national park lies in Jaisalmer district. The park is habitat of Rajasthan’s state bird Great Indian Bustard.

Mahabar Sand Dunesmahabar

Mahabar Sand Dunes are about 5 km away from Barmer which is a sandy site and famous for sunrise and sunset viewing.

Interesting Places:

Panchpadra:

  • Construction of oil refinery of 9mppd has been started in Pachpadra in Barmer.

Uttarlai

  • Uttarlai, India’s first under ground airbase is situated in Barmer.

Population of Barmer

According to 2011, Barmer has population of 26,03,751 with 93.02 percent of population residing in rural areas & 6.98 percent in urban areas. Barmer had an average literacy rate of 56.53%, with 70% of the males and 40% of females being literate.